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dc.contributor.authorYar, Majid
dc.contributor.authorDrew, Jacqueline
dc.date.accessioned2020-04-07T06:06:17Z
dc.date.available2020-04-07T06:06:17Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.issn0974-2891
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/393024
dc.description.abstractDistribution of nude, intimate and sexualized images of individuals without consent and against the wishes of those individuals whose image has been captured, is of growing concern across the world. Moving from the conceptualization of ‘revenge porn’ in the early 2000’s, through to our more sophisticated understanding of the issues of “image-based abuse” and “non-consensual pornography” this paper considers the broad context of these crimes. The paper draws on the concepts of online misogyny, gender-based victimization, and “toxic masculinity”. The progress towards criminalization of such online abuse, with reference to the recent introduction of new laws in England & Wales and Australia is examined. This shift from voluntary to statutory regulation, and from civil to criminal law remedies has been coupled with new crime prevention and control initiatives that seek to encourage reporting leading to prosecution and educate users and empower victims. As countries successively tackle image-based abuse through their own criminal justice systems and stakeholder engagement, there is a need to learn from and critique what has already been established. Summarizing the approaches undertaken in England & Wales and Australia we draw important conclusions that are based on the experiences of early responders, bringing together several best practices for the prevention and response to image-based abuse.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherInternational Journal of Cyber Criminology
dc.publisher.urihttps://www.cybercrimejournal.com/index.html
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom578
dc.relation.ispartofpageto594
dc.relation.ispartofissue2
dc.relation.ispartofjournalInternational Journal of Cyber Criminology
dc.relation.ispartofvolume13
dc.subject.fieldofresearchCriminology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchLaw
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1602
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1801
dc.subject.keywordsSocial Sciences
dc.subject.keywordsImage-Based Abuse
dc.subject.keywordsRevenge Pornography
dc.subject.keywordsCybercrime
dc.titleImage-Based Abuse, Non-Consensual Pornography, Revenge Porn: A Study of Criminalization and Crime Prevention in Australia and England & Wales
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dcterms.bibliographicCitationYar, M; Drew, J, Image-Based Abuse, Non-Consensual Pornography, Revenge Porn: A Study of Criminalization and Crime Prevention in Australia and England & Wales, International Journal of Cyber Criminology, 2019, 13 (2), pp. 578-594
dcterms.licensehttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/
dc.date.updated2020-04-07T01:16:58Z
dc.description.versionVersion of Record (VoR)
gro.rights.copyright© 2019 International Journal of Cyber Criminology. This is a Diamond Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC-BY-NC-SA 4.0) License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorDrew, Jacqueline M.


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