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dc.contributor.authorHarvati, Katerina
dc.contributor.authorRaeding, Carolin
dc.contributor.authorBosman, Abel M
dc.contributor.authorKarakostis, Fotios A
dc.contributor.authorGrun, Rainer
dc.contributor.authorStringer, Chris
dc.contributor.authorKarkanas, Panagiotis
dc.contributor.authorThompson, Nicholas C
dc.contributor.authorKoutoulidis, Vassilis
dc.contributor.authorMoulopoulos, Lia A
dc.contributor.authorGorgoulis, Vassilis
dc.contributor.authorKouloukoussa, Myrsini
dc.description.abstractSouth East Europe is a major dispersal corridor for both fauna and human populations, and one of the principal European Mediterranean glacial refugia. The region’s human fossil record, therefore, has been hypothesized to reܫect the complexities of repeated dispersals, late survivals and admixture of human groups. This hypothesis has been difܪcult to test, as human fossils from S.E. Europe are relatively rare. The fossil human crania from Apidima cave, Mani (Southern Greece), discovered in the late 1970s, are among the most important specimens from the region, yet their afܪnities and chronology have long remained unclear. In part this was due to taphonomic distortion and breakage, lack of archaeological context and associated faunal remains, and lack of detailed description and comparative analysis. Recently, we obtained CT scans of the two crania and virtually reconstructed them using standard virtual anthropology approaches; we then conducted an exhaustive description and geometric morphometric comparative analysis; and we dated the specimens and associated matrix using the U-series radiometric method. The more complete Apidima 2 dates to >170 ka and conforms to a Neanderthal-like morphological pattern. In contrast, Apidima 1 dates to >210 ka and presents a mixture of modern human and ancestral features. We interpret our results to indicate the presence of an early Homo sapiens population, followed by a Neanderthal one, at the Apidima site. Our ܪndings support multiple and geographically far-reaching dispersals of early modern humans out of Africa, and highlight the complex demographic processes that characterized Pleistocene human evolution and dispersals.
dc.relation.ispartofconferencename89th Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists (AAPA)
dc.relation.ispartofconferencetitleAmerican Journal of Physical Anthropology
dc.relation.ispartoflocationLos Angeles, CA, USA
dc.subject.fieldofresearchEvolutionary Biology
dc.subject.keywordsScience & Technology
dc.subject.keywordsLife Sciences & Biomedicine
dc.titleNew 3-D geometric morphometric and dating analyses of the Apidima fossil crania support early dispersal of Homo sapiens out of Africa
dc.typeConference output
dc.type.descriptionE3 - Conferences (Extract Paper)
dcterms.bibliographicCitationHarvati, K; Raeding, C; Bosman, AM; Karakostis, FA; Grun, R; Stringer, C; Karkanas, P; Thompson, NC; Koutoulidis, V; Moulopoulos, LA; Gorgoulis, V; Kouloukoussa, M, New 3-D geometric morphometric and dating analyses of the Apidima fossil crania support early dispersal of Homo sapiens out of Africa, American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 2020, 171, pp. 116-116
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorGrun, Rainer

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