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dc.contributor.authorBinks, Hannah
dc.contributor.authorVincent, Grace E
dc.contributor.authorGupta, Charlotte
dc.contributor.authorIrwin, Christopher
dc.contributor.authorKhalesi, Saman
dc.date.accessioned2020-05-20T03:12:32Z
dc.date.available2020-05-20T03:12:32Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.issn2072-6643
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/nu12040936
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/394054
dc.description.abstractMany processes are involved in sleep regulation, including the ingestion of nutrients, suggesting a link between diet and sleep. Aside from studies investigating the effects of tryptophan, previous research on sleep and diet has primarily focused on the effects of sleep deprivation or sleep restriction on diet. Furthermore, previous reviews have included subjects with clinically diagnosed sleep-related disorders. The current narrative review aimed to clarify findings on sleep-promoting foods and outline the effects of diet on sleep in otherwise healthy adults. A search was undertaken in August 2019 from the Cochrane, MEDLINE (PubMed), and CINAHL databases using the population, intervention, control, outcome (PICO) method. Eligible studies were classified based on emerging themes and reviewed using narrative synthesis. Four themes emerged: tryptophan consumption and tryptophan depletion, dietary supplements, food items, and macronutrients. High carbohydrate diets, and foods containing tryptophan, melatonin, and phytonutrients (e.g., cherries), were linked to improved sleep outcomes. The authors posit that these effects may be due in part to dietary influences on serotonin and melatonin activity.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherMDPI AG
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom936:1
dc.relation.ispartofpageto936:18
dc.relation.ispartofissue4
dc.relation.ispartofjournalNutrients
dc.relation.ispartofvolume12
dc.subject.fieldofresearchFood sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchNutrition and dietetics
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode3006
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode3210
dc.subject.keywordsadults
dc.subject.keywordsdietary supplements
dc.subject.keywordsfood
dc.subject.keywordsnutrients
dc.subject.keywordssleep duration
dc.titleEffects of diet on sleep: A narrative review
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dcterms.bibliographicCitationBinks, H; Vincent, GE; Gupta, C; Irwin, C; Khalesi, S, Effects of diet on sleep: A narrative review, Nutrients, 2020, 12 (4), pp. 936:1-936:18
dcterms.dateAccepted2020-03-25
dcterms.licensehttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.date.updated2020-05-20T03:04:42Z
dc.description.versionVersion of Record (VoR)
gro.rights.copyright© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorIrwin, Chris G.


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