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dc.contributor.authorCole, N
dc.contributor.authorWallis, LA
dc.contributor.authorBurke, H
dc.contributor.authorBarker, B
dc.description.abstractThe archaeological record of Lower Laura (aka Boralga) Native Mounted Police camp, a longstanding base for Queensland’s frontier war in Cape York Peninsula, includes a diverse assemblage of culturally modified Erythophleum chlorastychys (Cooktown ironwood) trees. Analysis of cultural scar attributes and tool marks – which were found to be variously associated with Aboriginal stone tools, tomahawks of different types, and long handled axes – reveals a scenario of nineteenth century land use and technology that transcends the pre-conflict era of Aboriginal clan estates. As well as reflecting traditional patterns of Aboriginal tenure of prime waterfront land, the assemblage reveals innovations that occurred in Aboriginal technology in the lead-up to war. However, an unusual style of cultural scar cut using long handled axes appears to signal transformations in demography and land use following Native Mounted Police occupation. By integrating historical, oral history, spatial, typological, and botanical data this study provides evidence of demographic and environmental changes set in train by the gold-rush invasion. It also highlights the complexities of documenting Cooktown ironwood trees of advanced age and their fragile, deteriorating cultural modifications.
dc.description.sponsorshipThe Flinders University of South Australia ARC
dc.publisherInforma UK Limited
dc.relation.ispartofjournalAustralian Archaeology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchHistorical archaeology (incl. industrial archaeology)
dc.subject.fieldofresearchAboriginal and Torres Strait Islander archaeology
dc.title‘On the brink of a fever stricken swamp’: culturally modified trees and land-people relationships at Lower Laura (Boralga) Native Mounted Police camp, Cape York Peninsula
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dcterms.bibliographicCitationCole, N; Wallis, LA; Burke, H; Barker, B, ‘On the brink of a fever stricken swamp’: culturally modified trees and land-people relationships at Lower Laura (Boralga) Native Mounted Police camp, Cape York Peninsula, Australian Archaeology, 2020
gro.description.notepublicThis publication was entered as an advanced online version.
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorWallis, Lynley A.

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