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dc.contributor.authorHaataja, Samuli
dc.date.accessioned2020-06-04T22:56:40Z
dc.date.available2020-06-04T22:56:40Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.issn1467-7954
dc.identifier.doi10.1093/jcsl/kraa003
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/394369
dc.description.abstractThis article examines international law on the use of countermeasures against peacetime cyber operations that fall below the armed attack threshold. It focuses on collective countermeasures - ie, measures taken by states which have not been affected by the cyber operation but which have been requested to assist by the state victim to these operations. While a general right for non-injured states to take countermeasures has not been recognised in international law, this article demonstrates that there is some support for this right in circumstances where the injured state requests assistance from a non-injured state. It argues that a limited right of collective countermeasures should be recognised in the cyber context. This is warranted as it expands the remedies available to states subject to cyber operations and offers a way for less technologically advanced states to obtain assistance when subject to malicious cyber operations from their adversaries.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherOxford University Press (OUP)
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom33
dc.relation.ispartofpageto51
dc.relation.ispartofissue1
dc.relation.ispartofjournalJournal Of Conflict And Security Law
dc.relation.ispartofvolume25
dc.subject.fieldofresearchInternational Law (excl. International Trade Law)
dc.subject.fieldofresearchLaw
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode180116
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1801
dc.titleCyber Operations and Collective Countermeasures under International Law
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dcterms.bibliographicCitationHaataja, S, Cyber Operations and Collective Countermeasures under International Law, Journal Of Conflict And Security Law, 2020, 25 (1), pp. 33-51
dc.date.updated2020-06-03T23:18:58Z
dc.description.versionAccepted Manuscript (AM)
gro.rights.copyright© 2020 Oxford University Press. This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Journal of Conflict and Security Law following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version Cyber Operations and Collective Countermeasures under International Law, Journal of Conflict and Security Law, 2020, 25 (1), pp. 33-51 is available online at: https://doi.org/10.1093/jcsl/kraa003.
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorHaataja, Samuli


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