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dc.contributor.authorFriess, Daniel A
dc.contributor.authorRogers, Kerrylee
dc.contributor.authorLovelock, Catherine E
dc.contributor.authorKrauss, Ken W
dc.contributor.authorHamilton, Stuart E
dc.contributor.authorLee, Shing Yip
dc.contributor.authorLucas, Richard
dc.contributor.authorPrimavera, Jurgenne
dc.contributor.authorRajkaran, Anusha
dc.contributor.authorShi, Suhua
dc.contributor.editorGadgil, A
dc.contributor.editorTomich, TP
dc.description.abstractIntertidal mangrove forests are a dynamic ecosystem experiencing rapid changes in extent and habitat quality over geological history, today and into the future. Climate and sea level have drastically altered mangrove distribution since their appearance in the geological record ∼75 million years ago (Mya), through to the Holocene. In contrast, contemporary mangrove dynamics are driven primarily by anthropogenic threats, including pollution, overextraction, and conversion to aquaculture and agriculture. Deforestation rates have declined in the past decade, but the future of mangroves is uncertain; new deforestation frontiers are opening, particularly in Southeast Asia and West Africa, despite international conservation policies and ambitious global targets for rehabilitation. In addition, geological and climatic processes such as sea-level rise that were important over geological history will continue to influence global mangrove distribution in the future. Recommendations are given to reframe mangrove conservation, with a view to improving the state of mangroves in the future.
dc.publisherAnnual Reviews
dc.relation.ispartofjournalAnnual Review of Environment and Resources
dc.subject.fieldofresearchEnvironmental Sciences
dc.subject.keywordsScience & Technology
dc.subject.keywordsLife Sciences & Biomedicine
dc.subject.keywordsEnvironmental Studies
dc.subject.keywordsEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
dc.titleThe State of the World's Mangrove Forests: Past, Present, and Future
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dcterms.bibliographicCitationFriess, DA; Rogers, K; Lovelock, CE; Krauss, KW; Hamilton, SE; Lee, SY; Lucas, R; Primavera, J; Rajkaran, A; Shi, S, The State of the World's Mangrove Forests: Past, Present, and Future, Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 2019, 44 (1), pp. 89-115
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorLee, Joe Y.

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