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dc.contributor.authorBorschmann, Rohan
dc.contributor.authorJunca, Emilia
dc.contributor.authorCarter, Annie
dc.contributor.authorWilloughby, Massa
dc.contributor.authorHughes, Nathan
dc.contributor.authorSnow, Kathryn
dc.contributor.authorStockings, Emily
dc.contributor.authorHill, Nicole TM
dc.contributor.authorHocking, Jane
dc.contributor.authorLove, Alexander
dc.contributor.authorPatton, George C
dc.contributor.authorSawyer, Susan M
dc.contributor.authorFazel, Seena
dc.contributor.authorPuljevic, Cheneal
dc.contributor.authorRobinson, Jo
dc.contributor.authorKinner, Stuart A
dc.date.accessioned2020-07-21T00:26:43Z
dc.date.available2020-07-21T00:26:43Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.issn2468-2667
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/S2468-2667(19)30217-8
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/395649
dc.description.abstractAdolescents detained within the criminal justice system are affected by complex health problems, health-risk behaviours, and high rates of premature death. We did a global synthesis of the evidence regarding the health of this population. We searched Embase, PsycINFO, Education Resources Information Center, PubMed, Web of Science, CINCH, Global Health, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, the Campbell Library, the National Criminal Justice Reference System Abstract Database, and Google Scholar for peer-reviewed journal articles, including reviews, that reported the prevalence of at least one health outcome (physical, mental, sexual, infectious, and neurocognitive) in adolescents (aged <20 years) in detention, and were published between Jan 1, 1980, and June 30, 2018. The reference lists of published review articles were scrutinised for additional relevant publications. Two reviewers independently screened titles and abstracts, and three reviewed full texts of relevant articles. The protocol for this Review was registered with PROSPERO (CRD42016041392). 245 articles (204 primary research articles and 41 reviews) were included, with most primary research (183 [90%]) done in high-income countries. A high lifetime prevalence of health problems, risks, and conditions was reported in detained adolescents, including mental disorders (0–95%), substance use disorders (22–96%), self-harm (12–65%), neurodevelopmental disabilities (2–47%), infectious diseases (0–34%), and sexual and reproductive conditions (pregnant by age 19 years 20–37%; abnormal cervical screening test result 16%). Various physical and mental health problems and health-risk behaviours are more common among adolescents in detention than among their peers who have not been detained. As the social and structural drivers of poor health overlap somewhat with factors associated with exposure to the criminal justice system, strategies to address these factors could help to reduce both rates of adolescent detention and adolescent health inequalities. Improving the detection of mental and physical disorders, providing appropriate interventions during detention, and optimising transitional health care after release from detention could improve the health outcomes of these vulnerable young people.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.relation.ispartofpagefromE114
dc.relation.ispartofpagetoE126
dc.relation.ispartofissue2
dc.relation.ispartofjournalThe Lancet Public Health
dc.relation.ispartofvolume5
dc.subject.fieldofresearchCriminology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1602
dc.subject.keywordsScience & Technology
dc.subject.keywordsLife Sciences & Biomedicine
dc.subject.keywordsPublic, Environmental & Occupational Health
dc.subject.keywordsSEXUALLY-TRANSMITTED-DISEASES
dc.subject.keywordsAIDS RISK BEHAVIORS
dc.titleThe health of adolescents in detention: a global scoping review
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dcterms.bibliographicCitationBorschmann, R; Junca, E; Carter, A; Willoughby, M; Hughes, N; Snow, K; Stockings, E; Hill, NTM; Hocking, J; Love, A; Patton, GC; Sawyer, SM; Fazel, S; Puljevic, C; Robinson, J; Kinner, SA, The health of adolescents in detention: a global scoping review, The Lancet Public Health, 2020, 5 (2), pp. E114-E126
dcterms.dateAccepted2019-10-18
dcterms.licensehttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.date.updated2020-07-21T00:23:37Z
dc.description.versionPublished
gro.rights.copyright© 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) License, which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, providing that the work is properly cited.
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorKinner, Stuart A.


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