The CYP2D6 metaboliser status of patients prescribed risperidone for the treatment of psychosis
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Aim To identify the distribution of CYP2D6 metaboliser status in patients who were being prescribed risperidone for the treatment of psychosis in a New Zealand-based clinical population. Method 100 AmpliChip CYP450 Testits were made available by Roche Diagnostics. Clinicians in mental health services across three Auckland District Health Boards were instructed that the tests were being made available for use with patients who were being prescribed risperidone for the first time. Test results were fed back to the prescribing clinician. Data analysis was descriptive in nature; however, chi-square and independent sample t tests were employed to examine differences in age, gender, and ethnicity. Results Data were obtained for 93 patients. Poor and intermediate metabolisers each constituted 10.6% of the sample. There were no ultra-rapid metabolisers. Statistical analysis revealed no significant between-group differences with respect to age or gender. The between-group difference in ethnicity status showed a trend towards statistical significance. Conclusion Sample size limitations likely contributed to the finding that no statistically significant between-group differences were identified. In theory, though, for one in five patients a higher level of adverse effects might be predicted for a normal dose of risperidone, potentially leading to issues around treatment adherence or treatment failure.
New Zealand Medical Journal
Copyright 2009 New Zealand Medical Association. The attached file is reproduced here in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.
Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified