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dc.contributor.authorReid, Siobhanen_US
dc.contributor.authorHamer, Peteren_US
dc.contributor.authorAlderson, Jacquelineen_US
dc.contributor.authorLloyd, Daviden_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-03T15:56:57Z
dc.date.available2017-05-03T15:56:57Z
dc.date.issued2010en_US
dc.date.modified2011-08-05T06:49:15Z
dc.identifier.issn00121622en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/j.1469-8749.2009.03409.xen_AU
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/39727
dc.description.abstractAim To determine the neuromuscular outcomes of an eccentric strength-training programme for children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP). Method In this randomised, parallel-group trial with waiting control, 14 participants with CP (six males, eight females; mean age 11y, SD 2y range 9-15y), diagnosed with upper-limb spasticity were compared with 14 age- and sex-matched typically developing participants. Participants with CP completed a 6-week progressive resistance-strengthening programme, performing eccentric lengthening contractions of their upper limb three times a week. Data from dynamometer and surface electromyography (EMG) assessments included peak torque normalised to body mass (T/Bm), work normalised to body mass (W/Bm), angle at peak torque, curve width, and EMG activation. Results After training, children with CP had improved eccentric T/Bm (p=0.009) and W/Bm (p=0.009) to a level similar to that of the typically developing children. No change in angle of peak torque occurred, although curve width increased both concentrically (p=0.018) and eccentrically (p=0.015). EMG activity was elevated before training in children with CP but decreased with training to levels similar to those of the typically developing children. Interpretation With eccentric strength training, children with CP increased torque throughout range of motion. Results suggest that eccentric exercises may decrease co-contraction, improving net torque development. Eccentric actions may be important in the maintenance of the torque-angle relationship. These results have significant implications for the prescription of strength-training programmes for people with CP.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.description.publicationstatusYesen_AU
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherMac Keith Pressen_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_US
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationNen_AU
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom358en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpageto363en_US
dc.relation.ispartofissue4en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalDevelopmental Medicine and Child Neurologyen_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume52en_US
dc.rights.retentionYen_AU
dc.subject.fieldofresearchBiomechanicsen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode110601en_US
dc.titleNeuromuscular adaptations to eccentric strength training in children and adolescents with cerebral palsyen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Peer Reviewed (HERDC)en_US
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articlesen_US
gro.date.issued2010
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text


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