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dc.contributor.authorRostami, Ali
dc.contributor.authorRiahi, Seyed Mohammad
dc.contributor.authorOmrani, Vahid Fallah
dc.contributor.authorWang, Tao
dc.contributor.authorHofmann, Andreas
dc.contributor.authorMirzapour, Aliyar
dc.contributor.authorForoutan, Masoud
dc.contributor.authorFakhri, Yadolah
dc.contributor.authorMacpherson, Calum NL
dc.contributor.authorGasser, Robin B
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-23T03:02:06Z
dc.date.available2020-09-23T03:02:06Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.issn2076-0817en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/pathogens9060503en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/397830
dc.description.abstractToxascaris leonina is an ascaridoid nematode of dogs and cats; this parasite affects the health of these animals. This study estimated the global prevalence of Ta. leonina infection in dogs and cats using random effects meta-analysis as well as subgroup, meta-regression and heterogeneity analyses. The data were stratified according to geographical region, the type of dogs and cats and environmental variables. A quantitative analysis of 135 published studies, involving 119,317 dogs and 25,364 cats, estimated prevalence rates of Ta. leonina in dogs and cats at 2.9% and 3.4%, respectively. Prevalence was highest in the Eastern Mediterranean region (7.2% for dogs and 10.0% for cats) and was significantly higher in stray dogs (7.0% vs. 1.5%) and stray cats (7.5% vs. 1.8%) than in pets. The findings indicate that, worldwide, ~26 million dogs and ~23 million cats are infected with Ta. leonina; these animals would shed substantial numbers of Ta. leonina eggs into the environment each year and might represent reservoirs of infection to other accidental or paratenic hosts. It is important that populations of dogs and cats as well as other canids and felids be monitored and dewormed for Ta. leonina and (other) zoonotic helminths.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherMDPIen_US
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom503en_US
dc.relation.ispartofissue6en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalPathogensen_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume9en_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchBiological Sciencesen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchImmunologyen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchMedical Microbiologyen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode06en_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1107en_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1108en_US
dc.subject.keywordsScience & Technologyen_US
dc.subject.keywordsLife Sciences & Biomedicineen_US
dc.subject.keywordsMicrobiologyen_US
dc.subject.keywordsToxascaris leoninaen_US
dc.subject.keywordsglobal prevalenceen_US
dc.titleGlobal Prevalence Estimates of Toxascaris leonina Infection in Dogs and Catsen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articlesen_US
dcterms.bibliographicCitationRostami, A; Riahi, SM; Omrani, VF; Wang, T; Hofmann, A; Mirzapour, A; Foroutan, M; Fakhri, Y; Macpherson, CNL; Gasser, RB, Global Prevalence Estimates of Toxascaris leonina Infection in Dogs and Cats, Pathogens, 2020, 9 (6), pp. 503en_US
dcterms.dateAccepted2020-06-17
dcterms.licensehttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en_US
dc.date.updated2020-09-23T02:59:48Z
dc.description.versionVersion of Record (VoR)en_US
gro.rights.copyright© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.en_US
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorHofmann, Andreas


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