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dc.contributor.authorRourke, M
dc.contributor.editorKatz, R
dc.contributor.editorHalabi, SF
dc.date.accessioned2020-10-15T00:16:26Z
dc.date.available2020-10-15T00:16:26Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.isbn9781108484725en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/9781108676076.003en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/398385
dc.description.abstractChapter 1 explains how the history of accessing pathogens for public health research closely follows the history of accessing other (non-pathogenic) genetic resources for all forms of biological research. The genetic resources that were previously considered to be the common heritage of humankind are now subject to (sometimes conflicting) claims of intellectual property protections and sovereign rights. The result is the enclosure of pathogens in legal schemes that have increased costs and created delays in accessing the pathogen samples that are vital to conducting infectious disease surveillance, pharmaceutical research and development, and informing the public health response to outbreaks. While the validity of gene patents (and therefore patents claiming the genomes of pathogens or part thereof) are now in question, access to pathogens is still encumbered by an increasingly complex set of access and benefit-sharing laws that vary across domestic jurisdictions. This chapter examines these historical developments, explaining how pathogens were eventually captured by a regulation that was originally designed as an environmental conservation mechanism, and the impacts of “hyperownership” on accessing pathogen samples for public health research.en_US
dc.publisherCambridge University Pressen_US
dc.publisher.placeCambridgeen_US
dc.relation.ispartofbooktitleViral Sovereignty and Technology Transfer: The Changing Global System for Sharing Pathogens for Public Health Researchen_US
dc.relation.ispartofchapter1en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom31en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpageto44en_US
dc.subject.keywordsaccess-and-benefit sharingen_US
dc.subject.keywordscommon heritageen_US
dc.subject.keywordsConvention on Biological Diversityen_US
dc.subject.keywordsNagoya Protocolen_US
dc.titleThe History of Accessing and Sharing Human Pathogens for Public Health Researchen_US
dc.typeBook chapteren_US
dcterms.bibliographicCitationRourke, M, The History of Accessing and Sharing Human Pathogens for Public Health Research, Viral Sovereignty and Technology Transfer: The Changing Global System for Sharing Pathogens for Public Health Research, 2020, pp. 31-44en_US
dc.date.updated2020-10-15T00:13:32Z
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorRourke, Michelle F.


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