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dc.contributor.authorFarzanegan, Mohammad Reza
dc.contributor.authorGholipour, Hassan F
dc.contributor.authorFeizi, Mehdi
dc.contributor.authorNunkoo, Robin
dc.contributor.authorAndargoli, Amir Eslami
dc.description.abstractThis study examines the relationship between international tourism and COVID-19 cases and associated deaths in more than 90 nations. We use a cross-country regression analysis and find a positive correlation between international tourism and the cumulated level of COVID-19 confirmed cases and death by April 30, 2020. Our regression analyses show that countries exposed to high flows of international tourism are more prone to cases and deaths caused by the COVID-19 outbreak. This association is robust even after controlling for other socioeconomic determinants of COVID-19 outbreak and regional dummies. Based on our estimations, a 1% higher level of inbound and outbound tourism is associated with 1.2% and 1.4% higher levels of confirmed COVID-19 cases and death, respectively, controlling for other factors. When we normalize the number of cases and death by size of population, the statistical significance remains robust, especially for the COVID-19 deaths, while the effect size reduces.
dc.publisherSage Publications Ltd
dc.relation.ispartofjournalJournal of Travel Research
dc.subject.fieldofresearchCommercial Services
dc.subject.keywordsSocial Sciences
dc.subject.keywordsHospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism
dc.subject.keywordsSocial Sciences - Other Topics
dc.subject.keywordsglobal tourism
dc.titleInternational Tourism and Outbreak of Coronavirus (COVID-19): A Cross-Country Analysis (Letter)
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dcterms.bibliographicCitationFarzanegan, MR; Gholipour, HF; Feizi, M; Nunkoo, R; Andargoli, AE, International Tourism and Outbreak of Coronavirus (COVID-19): A Cross-Country Analysis (Letter), Journal of Travel Research, 2020
gro.description.notepublicThis publication has been entered in Griffith Research Online as an advanced online version.
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorNunkoo, Robin

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