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dc.contributor.authorDe Antoni Migliorati, M
dc.contributor.authorParton, WJ
dc.contributor.authorBell, MJ
dc.contributor.authorWang, W
dc.contributor.authorGrace, PR
dc.description.abstractThe Australian sugar industry is facing mounting pressure to reduce the nitrogen (N) losses and nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions associated with N fertiliser use. Research has shown that N2O emissions from sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) cropping systems can be reduced with the use of fertilisers coated with nitrification inhibitors, or by sowing legume crops in the fallows between sugarcane crop cycles. However, the efficacy of these two N management strategies across different climatic zones is still unclear, as results from field studies have been contradictory. The objectives of this study were therefore to use the DayCent model to assess the long-term effects of the two strategies (separately or in combination) on N2O emissions, N losses and yields. The model was parameterised using data from eight field experiments (39 treatments) conducted across four of the five main districts of the Australian sugarcane industry. A series of long-term scenarios embracing a range of N fertiliser rates (0−160 kg N ha−1 applied as urea), climatic regions (Tropics and Subtropics), soil textures (fine- and coarse-textured soils) and N-loss risk scenarios (crop fertilised well before or close to the on-set of the wet season) were tested for both N management strategies. Simulations identified that the combined use of soybean (Glycine max L.) fallows and N fertiliser coated with the 3,4-dimethylpyrazole phosphate (DMPP) nitrification inhibitor was the most effective strategy to maintain or even increase current yields while significantly reducing N2O and cumulative N (mainly due to nitrate) losses. When used alone, the soybean fallow strategy on average reduced N losses over the entire crop cycle by 29 % compared with current industry best practice. However, this strategy showed a limited capacity to reduce N2O emissions over the entire cane crop cycle (median: -3% compared with current industry best practice), or even increased them in scenarios at high-risk of N losses in the Tropics. The use of urea coated with DMPP alone allowed current fertiliser N rates to be reduced by 30 % without any substantial yield penalty. In environments prone to high N losses, DMPP urea abated overall N losses and N2O emissions by 41 % and 30 %, respectively. This was the first study to use such an extensive dataset to parameterise a biogeochemical model for yields, N2O emissions and N losses in sugarcane cropping systems. The findings will be instrumental in guiding future research and policies designed to improve the profitability and environmental sustainability of this industry.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalAgriculture, Ecosystems and Environmenten_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchEnvironmental Sciencesen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchAgricultural and Veterinary Sciencesen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchStudies in Human Societyen_US
dc.titleSoybean fallow and nitrification inhibitors: Strategies to reduce N2O emission intensities and N losses in Australian sugarcane cropping systemsen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articlesen_US
dcterms.bibliographicCitationDe Antoni Migliorati, M; Parton, WJ; Bell, MJ; Wang, W; Grace, PR, Soybean fallow and nitrification inhibitors: Strategies to reduce N2O emission intensities and N losses in Australian sugarcane cropping systems, Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 2021, 306, pp. 107150en_US
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorWang, Weijin

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