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dc.contributor.authorSaid, Z
dc.contributor.authorHachicha, AA
dc.contributor.authorAberoumand, S
dc.contributor.authorYousef, BAA
dc.contributor.authorSayed, ET
dc.contributor.authorBellos, E
dc.description.abstractThe efficient exploitation of solar irradiation is one of the most encouraging ways of handling numerous environmental concerns. Solar collectors are suitable devices that capture solar irradiation and convert it into thermal energy and electricity. In the last years, the nanofluids used in solar thermal systems have been studied as a useful technique for enhancing the solar collectors’ performance and establishing them as viable and highly efficient systems. The present review paper aims to summarize and discuss the most important numerical and experimental studies in nanofluid-based solar systems for application at low and medium temperature levels, while the emphasis on the fundamental physical phenomena that occur. In the first part, numerous numerical models and the principal physical phenomena affecting the heat transfer rate in the nanofluid have been analyzed. More specifically, the importance of different forces in nanofluid flows that exist in particulate flows such as drag, lift (Magnus and Saffman), Brownian, thermophoretic, Van der Waals, electrostatic double-layer forces are considered. Moreover, an overview of the thermophysical properties, physical models, heat transfer models, and evaluation criteria of nanofluids are included in this work. In the second part, which is the main part of this work, a comprehensive review is performed to gather and discuss the new advantages in the nanofluid-based solar collectors that operate at low and medium temperatures. More specifically, the examined solar systems are the flat plate collectors, the evacuated tube collectors, the direct absorption collectors, and the thermal photovoltaic systems, while the investigated applications are space-heating, space-cooling, household hot water production, desalination, industrial activities, and power generation. The aforementioned collectors and applications are the most usual in the real systems, indicating the importance of the present work. Moreover, the emphasis is given in the thermal, exergy, economic, and environmental evaluation of the studied systems, as well as in the discussion of the possible limitations of the use of nanofluids like the lack of long-term stability, the agglomeration of nanoparticles, and the increased pumping work due to the increased pressure drop. Finally, it is found that the nanofluid utilization usually enhances the collector efficiency up to 5%, while higher enhancements can be found in thermal photovoltaics. Moreover, it is concluded that there is a need to emphasize issues such as stability and the use of eco-friendly solar systems. Lastly, the field's future trends are highlighted, and a clear image of the present situation and the next steps in the field are given.
dc.publisherElsevier BV
dc.relation.ispartofjournalProgress in Energy and Combustion Science
dc.subject.fieldofresearchChemical Engineering
dc.subject.fieldofresearchMechanical Engineering
dc.subject.fieldofresearchInterdisciplinary Engineering
dc.titleRecent advances on nanofluids for low to medium temperature solar collectors: energy, exergy, economic analysis and environmental impact
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dcterms.bibliographicCitationSaid, Z; Hachicha, AA; Aberoumand, S; Yousef, BAA; Sayed, ET; Bellos, E, Recent advances on nanofluids for low to medium temperature solar collectors: energy, exergy, economic analysis and environmental impact, Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, 2021, 84, pp. 100898
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorAberoumand, Sadegh

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