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dc.contributor.authorPhipps, DJ
dc.contributor.authorHannan, TE
dc.contributor.authorRhodes, RE
dc.contributor.authorHamilton, K
dc.description.abstractIntroduction: A novel dual-process model based upon the affective-reflective theory which distinguishes between affective attitude and instrumental attitude at an explicit and implicit level was used to predict physical activity. Method: Undergraduate students (N = 114) completed a lab-based study at two time-points, spaced two weeks apart. Participants completed self-report measures of the theory of planned behavior constructs, including explicit affective attitude and explicit instrumental attitude. Implicit affective attitude and implicit instrumental attitude were measured using single category implicit association tests. Results: Explicit affective attitude and perceived behavioral control indirectly predicted physical activity through intention, and explicit affective attitude, implicit affective attitude, and intention predicted physical activity directly with a modest effect size (R2 = 0.24). Discussion: Findings suggest explicitly and implicitly held evaluative information are conceptually distinct, and affective evaluations are key in guiding physical activity behavior regardless of whether such evaluations are implicit or consciously accessible.
dc.publisherElsevier BV
dc.relation.ispartofjournalPsychology of Sport and Exercise
dc.subject.fieldofresearchMedical and Health Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPsychology and Cognitive Sciences
dc.titleA dual-process model of affective and instrumental attitudes in predicting physical activity
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dcterms.bibliographicCitationPhipps, DJ; Hannan, TE; Rhodes, RE; Hamilton, K, A dual-process model of affective and instrumental attitudes in predicting physical activity, Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 2021, 54
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorHamilton, Kyra
gro.griffith.authorHannan, Thomas E.
gro.griffith.authorPhipps, Daniel J.

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