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dc.contributor.authorPhipps, Daniel J
dc.contributor.authorHagger, Martin S
dc.contributor.authorHamilton, Kyra
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: Theory suggests that implicit beliefs are more likely to be associated with spontaneous, impulsive health behaviors (e.g., smoking, snacking), while controlled, consciously accessible beliefs are more likely to be associated with behaviors that require deliberation and reasoned decision-making (e.g., physical activity, healthy food selection). Consistent with these predictions, we proposed that as behaviors become habitual, they require less deliberation to enact and are thus more likely to be controlled by non-conscious processes, as indicated by stronger associations with implicit beliefs. The present study tested the moderating effect of habit on the effects of implicit beliefs on two health behaviors. METHOD: Two samples of university students completed measures of attitude, habit, and implicit beliefs for free-sugar intake (sample 1) and heavy episodic drinking (sample 2) at an initial time point, with follow-up behavioral measures taken at 2 and 4 weeks later, respectively. RESULTS: Path analyses indicated that attitude and habit predicted behavior in both samples, and habit moderated the implicit belief-behavior relationship in both samples. The effect of implicit beliefs on behavior was larger among participants reporting strong habits. Implicit beliefs did not moderate the effect of explicit attitudes on behavior. CONCLUSION: Findings provide preliminary evidence that experiencing health behaviors as habitual is associated with a stronger implicit beliefs-health behavior relationship.
dc.publisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
dc.relation.ispartofjournalInternational Journal of Behavioral Medicine
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPublic Health and Health Services
dc.subject.keywordsImplicit attitudes
dc.subject.keywordsImplicit beliefs
dc.subject.keywordsImplicit identity
dc.subject.keywordsSocial cognition
dc.titleEvidence That Habit Moderates the Implicit Belief-Behavior Relationship in Health Behaviors
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dcterms.bibliographicCitationPhipps, DJ; Hagger, MS; Hamilton, K, Evidence That Habit Moderates the Implicit Belief-Behavior Relationship in Health Behaviors, International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 2021
gro.description.notepublicThis publication has been entered in Griffith Research Online as an advanced online version.
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorHagger, Martin S.
gro.griffith.authorHamilton, Kyra
gro.griffith.authorPhipps, Daniel J.

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