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dc.contributor.authorZhao, Qingzhou
dc.contributor.authorWang, Yanfen
dc.contributor.authorXu, Zhihong
dc.contributor.authorYu, Zhisheng
dc.description.abstractRecent attention on the lanthanides (Ln) contaminant such as lanthanum (La) and neodymium (Nd) extensively used in industry has aroused the great desire for the effective adsorbent. Biochar, relying on its high selectivity and optional ease, is regarded as a promising adsorbent for lanthanides removal although the evaluation of the efficiency and mechanism of La(III) and Nd(III) adsorption on biochar still lags. Here, we investigated the aqueous adsorption processes through SEM, TEM, EDS, FTIR and Raman spectra, XPS, and batch experiments. The porous structure of biochar and the complex functional groups on its surface contributed to the La(III) and Nd(III) removal processes. The kinetic of La(III) and Nd(III) adsorption agreed well with the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The adsorption capacity showed a strong positive correlation with pH value. However, it was only slightly altered and robust in La(III) and Nd(III) adsorption respectively. The isotherm results reflected significant fitting to the Sips model as well as Langmuir and Freundlich model. Thermodynamic demonstrated the spontaneity, endothermic nature, and temperature favor of the adsorptions on biochar surface (La: ΔH0=35.39 (kJ/Mol), ΔS0=104.71(J*Mol-1*K-1) and ΔG0<0; Nd: ΔH0=16.71(KJ/mol), ΔS0=119.41(J*Mol-1*K-1) and ΔG0<0). Both the La(III) and Nd(III) removal processes combined physical and chemical adsorptions. Therefore, biochar could be a potential green material for the lanthanum and neodymium adsorption with high efficiency.
dc.publisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
dc.relation.ispartofjournalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
dc.subject.fieldofresearchChemical Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchEnvironmental Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchBiological Sciences
dc.subject.keywordsAdsorption mechanism
dc.titleThe potential use of straw-derived biochar as the adsorbent for La(III) and Nd(III) removal in aqueous solutions
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dcterms.bibliographicCitationZhao, Q; Wang, Y; Xu, Z; Yu, Z, The potential use of straw-derived biochar as the adsorbent for La(III) and Nd(III) removal in aqueous solutions, Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2021
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorZhao, Qingzhou
gro.griffith.authorXu, Zhihong

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