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dc.contributor.authorHagger, Martin S
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Chun-Qing
dc.contributor.authorKangro, Eva-Maria
dc.contributor.authorRies, Francis
dc.contributor.authorWang, John CK
dc.contributor.authorHeritage, Brody
dc.contributor.authorChan, Derwin KC
dc.date.accessioned2021-05-11T01:00:54Z
dc.date.available2021-05-11T01:00:54Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.issn1046-1310
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s12144-018-0021-6
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/404275
dc.description.abstractThe aim of the present study was to test the validity of the Brief Self-Control Scale (BSCS; Tangney, Baumeister and Boone 2004) including its dimensional structure based on competing one- and two-factor models, discriminant validity from the conceptually-related self-discipline construct, invariance across multiple samples from different national groups, and predictive validity with respect to health-related behaviors. Samples of undergraduate students (total N = 1282) from four national groups completed the brief self-control scale, the self-discipline scale from the NEO-PI-R, and self-report measures of binge drinking, exercise, and healthy eating. Confirmatory factor analytic models supported a two-factor structure of self-control encompassing restraint and non-impulsivity components. The model exhibited good fit in all samples and invariance of factor loadings in multi-sample analysis. The restraint and non-impulsivity components exhibited discriminant validity and were also distinct from self-discipline. Structural equation models revealed that non-impulsivity predicted binge drinking in three of the samples, and restraint predicted exercise in two samples, with no role for self-discipline. Results point to a multi-dimensional structure for trait self-control consistent with previous theory separating impulsive- and control-related components.
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.publisherSpringer
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom1015
dc.relation.ispartofpageto1030
dc.relation.ispartofissue3
dc.relation.ispartofjournalCurrent Psychology
dc.relation.ispartofvolume40
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPsychologyen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchCognitive Sciencesen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1701en_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1702en_US
dc.subject.keywordsSocial Sciencesen_US
dc.subject.keywordsPsychology, Multidisciplinaryen_US
dc.subject.keywordsSelf-controlen_US
dc.subject.keywordsSelf-disciplineen_US
dc.titleTrait self-control and self-discipline: Structure, validity, and invariance across national groups
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dcterms.bibliographicCitationHagger, MS; Zhang, C-Q; Kangro, E-M; Ries, F; Wang, JCK; Heritage, B; Chan, DKC, Trait self-control and self-discipline: Structure, validity, and invariance across national groups, Current Psychology, 2021, 40 (3), pp. 1015-1030
dc.date.updated2021-05-11T00:58:08Z
dc.description.versionAccepted Manuscript (AM)en_US
gro.rights.copyright© 2021 Springer US. This is an electronic version of an article published in Current Psychology, 2021, 40 (3), pp. 1015-1030. Current Psychology is available online at: http://link.springer.com/ with the open URL of your article.en_US
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorHagger, Martin S.


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