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dc.contributor.authorHagger, Martin
dc.contributor.authorHankonen, Nelli
dc.contributor.authorLintunen, Taru
dc.contributor.authorPolet, Juho
dc.date.accessioned2021-05-14T05:11:14Z
dc.date.available2021-05-14T05:11:14Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.issn1070-5503en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/404413
dc.description.abstractIntroduction and Purpose. Trait self-control is consistently related to participation in health-related behavior. However, few studies have explored the processes by which self-control relates to health behavior. In the current study, we tested two candidate processes: an indirect effect mediated by constructs from social cognitive theories, and a moderation effect in which self-control interacts with intentions in the prediction of behavior. The effects were tested in six data sets for ten health-related behaviors. Methods. Using prospective designs, participants completed measures of constructs from social cognitive theories (theory of planned behavior, health action process approach) and trait self-control at an initial time point and self-reported their behavior at a later point in time. Results. Results revealed indirect effects of trait self-control on health-related behavior through social cognitive constructs and intentions in seven behaviors: eating fruit and vegetables, avoiding fast food, dietary restrictions, binge drinking, physical activity, out-of-school physical activity, and predrinking. There were also direct effects of self-control on behavior. Interactive effects of self-control and intentions on behavior were found for three behaviors: dietary restriction, binge drinking, and alcohol consumption. Conclusions. Current findings suggest trait self-control may serve as a source of information for beliefs about future health behavior participation, and direct and indirect effects imply separate conscious and non-conscious processes. Moderation of the intention-behavior relationship by self-control may depend on the extent to which the behavior is driven by impulse control. Findings suggest that training self-control and shaping environments to minimize contingencies that may derail goaldirected action may be effective intervention strategies.en_US
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.publisherSpringeren_US
dc.publisher.urihttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12529-018-9740-1#change-historyen_US
dc.relation.ispartofconferencename15th International Congress of Behavioral Medicineen_US
dc.relation.ispartofconferencetitleInternational Journal of Behavioral Medicineen_US
dc.relation.ispartofdatefrom2018-11-14
dc.relation.ispartofdateto2018-11-17
dc.relation.ispartoflocationSantiago Chileen_US
dc.relation.ispartofpagefromS176en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpagetoS176en_US
dc.relation.ispartofissueS1en_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume25en_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPublic Health and Health Servicesen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPsychologyen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1117en_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1701en_US
dc.subject.keywordsSocial Sciencesen_US
dc.subject.keywordsPsychology, Clinicalen_US
dc.titleTrait self-control and social cognitive predictors of health behavior: mediation and moderation effectsen_US
dc.typeConference outputen_US
dc.type.descriptionE3 - Conferences (Extract Paper)en_US
dcterms.bibliographicCitationHagger, M; Hankonen, N; Lintunen, T; Polet, J, Trait self-control and social cognitive predictors of health behavior: mediation and moderation effects, International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 2018, 25, pp. S176-S176en_US
dc.date.updated2021-05-14T05:08:05Z
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorHagger, Martin S.


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