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dc.contributor.authorBarillot, Celia
dc.contributor.authorDavis, Craig
dc.contributor.authorCock, Ian Edwin
dc.date.accessioned2021-06-02T03:07:13Z
dc.date.available2021-06-02T03:07:13Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.issn2249-0159
dc.identifier.doi10.5530/pc.2017.4.24
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/404848
dc.description.abstractIntroduction: Pseudowintera colorata (Raoul) Dandy is an evergreen shrub which is endemic to New Zealand. Decoctions, infusions and essential oils produced from the leaves were used traditionally to treat a variety of bacterial diseases. Despite this, P. colorata leaf extracts have not been rigorously examined for inhibitory activity against bacterial triggers of autoimmune inflammatory diseases. Methods: A P. colorata hydro-alcohol leaf extract was analysed for antioxidant capacity by the DPPH free radical scavenging assay. Growth inhibitory activities against bacterial species associated with initiating rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, multiple sclerosis and rheumatic fever were determined by disc diffusion assay and quantified by MIC determination. Toxicity was determined by Artemia franciscana bioassay. Results: The P. colorata hydro-alcohol leaf extract displayed good DPPH radical scavenging activity, with an antioxidant capacity of 52 μg/ mL ascorbic acid equivalency. The extract inhibited the growth of all of the bacterial triggers of autoimmune inflammatory diseases tested. It was a particularly potent inhibitor of A. baylyi, with MIC values as low as 427 μg/ mL against the clinical strain. P. mirabilis and P. vulgaris were also highly susceptible to the P. colorata hydro-alcohol leaf extract, with MIC values of approximately 800-900 μg/mL against all strains. The extract was also a moderate growth inhibitor (MIC >1000 μg/mL) of all other bacterial strains tested. The extract was determined to be nontoxic in the Artemia franciscana nauplii bioassay with 24 h LC50 values substantially >1000 μg/mL, indicating its safety for therapeutic use. Conclusion: The lack of toxicity of the P. colorata leaf extracts and their growth inhibitory bioactivity against a panel of bacterial triggers of autoimmune inflammatory diseases indicate their potential in the prevention and treatment of these diseases in genetically susceptible individuals.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.publisherPharmacognosy Network Worldwide
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom164
dc.relation.ispartofpageto171
dc.relation.ispartofissue4
dc.relation.ispartofjournalPharmacognosy Communications
dc.relation.ispartofvolume7
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPlant Biology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode0607
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1115
dc.titlePseudowintera colorata (Raoul) Dandy Hydro-Alcohol Leaf Extract Inhibits Bacterial Triggers of Some Autoimmune Inflammatory Diseases
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dcterms.bibliographicCitationBarillot, C; Davis, C; Cock, IE, Pseudowintera colorata (Raoul) Dandy Hydro-Alcohol Leaf Extract Inhibits Bacterial Triggers of Some Autoimmune Inflammatory Diseases, Pharmacognosy Communications, 2017, 7 (4), pp. 164-171
dcterms.licensehttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.date.updated2021-06-02T01:00:27Z
dc.description.versionVersion of Record (VoR)
gro.rights.copyright© The Author(s) 2017. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, providing that the work is properly cited.
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorCock, Ian E.


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