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dc.contributor.authorMpala, Lindiwe Nomathemba
dc.contributor.authorChikowe, Getmore Rumbudzai
dc.contributor.authorCock, Ian Edwin
dc.date.accessioned2021-06-02T05:43:34Z
dc.date.available2021-06-02T05:43:34Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.issn2249-0159
dc.identifier.doi10.5530/pc.2016.4.4
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/404869
dc.description.abstractIntroduction: Leptospermum longifolium (C.T. White & W.D. Francis) S.T. Blake, Leptospermum petersonii Bailey and Melaleuca alternifolia (Maiden & Betche) Cheel are aromatic native Australian trees with uses as traditional medicines. Essential oils produced from leaves of these species have reputed antiseptic properties against many bacteria. Despite this, L. longifolium, L. petersonii and M. alternifolia leaf solvent extractions have not been rigorously examined for antibacterial properties against many pathogens. Methods: The antimicrobial activity of methanolic L. longifolium, L. petersonii and M. alternifolia leaf extracts was investigated by disc diffusion and growth time course assays against a panel of pathogenic bacteria. The growth inhibitory activity was quantified by MIC determination. Toxicity was determined using the Artemia franciscana nauplii bioassay. Results: The methanolic L. longifolium, L. petersonii and M. alternifolia leaf extracts inhibited the growth of a wide range of bacterial species. Growth of both gram positive and gram negative bacteria was inhibited by all extracts. The L. longifolium and L. petersonii extracts were generally more potent inhibitors of bacterial growth than was the M. alternifolia extract against most bacterial species. A. hydrophilia, C. freundi, P. mirabilis and B. cereus growth was particularly susceptible to the extracts, with MIC values as low as 147 μg/mL (inhibition of A. hydrophilia growth by the L. longifolium extract). The antibacterial activity of the L. longifolium, L. petersonii and M. alternifolia extracts were further investigated by growth time course assays, with significant growth inhibition recorded in all cultures within 1 h of exposure. All extracts were determined to be nontoxic in the Artemia franciscana nauplii bioassay, indicating their safety for therapeutic uses. Conclusions: The lack of toxicity of the methanolic L. longifolium, L. petersonii and M. alternifolia leaf extracts and their growth inhibitory bioactivity against a panel of pathogenic bacteria partially validate Australian Aboriginal usage of these species as antiseptic agents and indicate their potential in the development of antiseptic agents.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.publisherPharmacognosy Network Worldwide
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom215
dc.relation.ispartofpageto224
dc.relation.ispartofissue4
dc.relation.ispartofjournalPharmacognosy Communications
dc.relation.ispartofvolume6
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPlant Biology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode0607
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1115
dc.titleGrowth inhibitory properties of extracts prepared from selected Leptospermum and Melaleuca species against a panel of pathogenic bacteria
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dcterms.bibliographicCitationMpala, LN; Chikowe, GR; Cock, IE, Growth inhibitory properties of extracts prepared from selected Leptospermum and Melaleuca species against a panel of pathogenic bacteria, Pharmacognosy Communications, 2016, 6 (4), pp. 215-224
dcterms.licensehttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.date.updated2021-06-02T01:08:18Z
dc.description.versionVersion of Record (VoR)
gro.rights.copyright© The Author(s) 2016. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, providing that the work is properly cited.
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorCock, Ian E.


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