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dc.contributor.authorTajouri, Lotti
dc.contributor.authorCampos, Mariana
dc.contributor.authorOlsen, Matthew
dc.contributor.authorLohning, Anna
dc.contributor.authorJones, Peter
dc.contributor.authorMoloney, Susan
dc.contributor.authorGrimwood, Keith
dc.contributor.authorUgail, Hassan
dc.contributor.authorMahboub, Bassam
dc.contributor.authorAlawar, Hamad
dc.contributor.authorMcKirdy, Simon
dc.contributor.authorAlghafri, Rashed
dc.date.accessioned2021-06-15T22:42:34Z
dc.date.available2021-06-15T22:42:34Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.issn1477-8939
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.tmaid.2021.102095
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/405148
dc.description.abstractINTRODUCTION: Mobile phones are used the world over, including in healthcare settings. This study aimed to investigate the viable microbial colonisation of mobile phones used by healthcare personnel. METHODS: Swabs collected on the same day from 30 mobile phones belonging to healthcare workers from three separate paediatric wards of an Australian hospital were cultured on five types of agar plate, then colonies from each phone were pooled, extracted and sequenced by shotgun metagenomics. Questionnaires completed by staff whose phones were sampled assisted in the analysis and interpretation of results. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: All phones sampled cultured viable bacteria. Overall, 399 bacterial operational taxonomic units were identified from 30 phones, with 1432 cumulative hits. Among these were 58 recognised human pathogenic and commensal bacteria (37 Gram-negative, 21 Gram-positive). The total number of virulence factor genes detected was 347, with 1,258 cumulative hits. Antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) were detected on all sampled phones and overall, 133 ARGs were detected with 520 cumulative hits. The most important classes of ARGs detected encoded resistance to beta-lactam, aminoglycoside and macrolide antibiotics and efflux pump mediated resistance mechanisms. CONCLUSION: Mobile phones carry viable bacterial pathogens and may act as fomites by contaminating the hands of their users and indirectly providing a transmission pathway for hospital-acquired infections and dissemination of antibiotic resistance. Further research is needed, but meanwhile adding touching mobile phones to the five moments of hand hygiene is a simple infection control strategy worth considering in hospital and community settings. Additionally, the implementation of practical and effective guidelines to decontaminate mobile phone devices would likely be beneficial to the hospital population and community at large.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageeng
dc.publisherElsevier BV
dc.relation.ispartofjournalTravel Medicine and Infectious Disease
dc.subject.fieldofresearchClinical Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPublic Health and Health Services
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1103
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1117
dc.subject.keywordsBiothreats
dc.subject.keywordsFomites
dc.subject.keywordsHealth-care setting
dc.subject.keywordsMicrobes
dc.subject.keywordsNext Generation Sequencing
dc.titleThe role of Mobile phones as a possible pathway for pathogen movement A CROSS-SECTIONAL, MICROBIAL ANALYSIS
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dcterms.bibliographicCitationTajouri, L; Campos, M; Olsen, M; Lohning, A; Jones, P; Moloney, S; Grimwood, K; Ugail, H; Mahboub, B; Alawar, H; McKirdy, S; Alghafri, R, The role of Mobile phones as a possible pathway for pathogen movement A CROSS-SECTIONAL, MICROBIAL ANALYSIS, Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease, 2021, pp. 102095
dcterms.dateAccepted2021-05-27
dcterms.licensehttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.date.updated2021-06-15T22:18:44Z
dc.description.versionVersion of Record (VoR)
gro.description.notepublicThis publication has been entered in Griffith Research Online as an advanced online version.
gro.rights.copyright© The Author(s) 2021. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorGrimwood, Keith
gro.griffith.authorMoloney, Susan


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