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dc.contributor.authorHungerford, Natasha L
dc.contributor.authorFletcher, Mary T
dc.contributor.authorTsai, Heng Hang
dc.contributor.authorHnatko, Darina
dc.contributor.authorSwann, Lorinda J
dc.contributor.authorKelly, Cassandra L
dc.contributor.authorAnuj, Shalona R
dc.contributor.authorTinggi, Ujang
dc.contributor.authorWebber, Dennis C
dc.contributor.authorWere, Stephen T
dc.contributor.authorTan, Benjamin LL
dc.description.abstractHoney is a popular agricultural product containing mostly sugars and water, but due to its nutritious components and natural production by honeybees (Apis mellifera) from floral nectar, it is marketed as a premium health food item. As environmental monitors, honeybees can potentially transfer environmental contaminants to honey. Whilst pesticides can have ubiquitous presence in agricultural and urban areas, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) can be more prevalent in higher density urban/industrial environments. Australian beehives are customarily located in rural areas/forests, but it is increasingly popular to keep hives in urban areas. This study assessed the levels of environmental contaminants in honeys (n = 212) from Queensland/Australian sources including rural, peri-urban and urban areas. Honey samples were analysed by LC-MS/MS and GC-MS/MS for 53 herbicides, 83 pesticides, 18 breakdown products (for certain pesticides/herbicides) and 33 PAHs and showed low/negligible pesticide, herbicide and PAHs contamination, consistent regardless of honey origins.
dc.publisherTaylor & Francis
dc.relation.ispartofjournalFood Additives & Contaminants: Part B
dc.subject.fieldofresearchChemical Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchMedical and Health Sciences
dc.subject.keywordsScience & Technology
dc.subject.keywordsPhysical Sciences
dc.subject.keywordsLife Sciences & Biomedicine
dc.subject.keywordsChemistry, Applied
dc.subject.keywordsFood Science & Technology
dc.titleOccurrence of environmental contaminants (pesticides, herbicides, PAHs) in Australian/Queensland Apis mellifera honey
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dcterms.bibliographicCitationHungerford, NL; Fletcher, MT; Tsai, HH; Hnatko, D; Swann, LJ; Kelly, CL; Anuj, SR; Tinggi, U; Webber, DC; Were, ST; Tan, BLL, Occurrence of environmental contaminants (pesticides, herbicides, PAHs) in Australian/Queensland Apis mellifera honey, Food Additives & Contaminants: Part B, 2021
gro.description.notepublicThis publication has been entered as an advanced online version in Griffith Research Online.
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorTinggi, Ujang

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