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dc.contributor.authorXu, Y
dc.contributor.authorLu, J
dc.contributor.authorHuang, S
dc.contributor.authorZhao, J
dc.description.abstractExcess nitrogen input into water bodies can cause eutrophication and affect the community structure and abundance of the nitrogen-transforming microorganisms; thus, it is essential to remove nitrogen from eutrophic water bodies. Aquatic plants can facilitate the growth of rhizosphere microorganisms. This study investigated the impact of ammonium pollution on the anammox and denitrifying bacteria in the rhizosphere of a cultivated submerged macrophyte, Potamogeton crispus (P. crispus) by adding three different concentrations of slow-release urea (0, 400, 600 mg per kg sediment) to the sediment to simulate different levels of nitrogen pollution in the lake. Results showed that the ammonium concentrations in the interstitial water under three pollution treatments were significantly different, but the nitrate concentration remained stable. The abundance of anammox 16S rRNA and nitrite reductase (nirS) gene in rhizosphere sediments exhibited no significant differences under the three pollution conditions. The increase in the nitrogen pollution levels did not significantly affect the growth of anammox bacteria and nirS denitrifying bacteria (denitrifiers). The change trend of the abundance ratio of (anammox 16S rRNA)/nirS in different nitrogen treatment groups on the same sampling date was very close, indicating that this ratio was not affected by ammonium pollution levels when P. crispus existed. The redundancy analysis showed that there was a positive correlation between the abundance of anammox 16S rRNA and nirS gene and that the abundance of these bacteria was significantly affected by the mole ratio of NH4+/NO3−. This study reveals that submerged plants weaken the environmental changes caused by ammonia pollution in the rhizosphere, thereby avoiding strong fluctuation of anammox bacteria and nirS denitrifiers.
dc.publisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
dc.relation.ispartofjournalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
dc.subject.fieldofresearchSoil Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchEcological Applications
dc.subject.fieldofresearchEcosystem Function
dc.subject.fieldofresearchChemical Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchEnvironmental Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchBiological Sciences
dc.titleSubmerged plants alleviated the impacts of increased ammonium pollution on anammox bacteria and nirS denitrifiers in the rhizosphere
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dcterms.bibliographicCitationXu, Y; Lu, J; Huang, S; Zhao, J, Submerged plants alleviated the impacts of increased ammonium pollution on anammox bacteria and nirS denitrifiers in the rhizosphere, Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2021
gro.description.notepublicThis publication has been entered in Griffith Research Online as an advanced online version.
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorLu, Jing

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