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dc.contributor.authorGao, Haotian
dc.contributor.authorWang, Guoli
dc.contributor.authorChen, Baihan
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Yanzhe
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Dawei
dc.contributor.authorLu, Xinpei
dc.contributor.authorHe, Guangyuan
dc.contributor.authorOstrikov, Kostya Ken
dc.description.abstractThe COVID-19, viral influenza, tuberculosis, and other widespread infectious diseases evidence that pathogenic biological aerosols (PBAs) are a serious threat to public health. Different from traditional inactivation methods, such as ultraviolet (UV) light which are only safe to use when people are not present, and high-efficiency particulate filters (HEPA) which merely filter microbes without killing them, atmospheric pressure nonequilibrium plasma (APNP) has shown its tremendous potential in drastically diminishing the aerosol transmission route of the infectious agents through the abatement of PBAs. The key issues to develop high performance APNP based air purification system are critically reviewed. Systematic studies on the hazards of different PBAs and the spread of PBAs in indoor environments guide the development of APNP sources to control communicable diseases. The key six sampling and seven detection methods on PBAs are introduced to analyze the PBA abatement efficiency by APNP. Seven common APNP sources which can remove viruses and bacteria aerosols efficiently developed during the past 8 years are introduced. For the APNP sources with small plasma volume, the electric field and diffusion driven charging are the dominant mechanisms to charge PBAs, while the common methods of dusty plasma research can be adapted to atmospheric-pressure conditions to describe the charging effects of APNP sources with large plasma volume. Plentiful long- and short-lifetime reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS) generated by APNP effectively contribute to inactivation of bacterial aerosols. Current studies suggest that viral aerosols are mainly inactivated by short-lifetime RONS including 1O2, ONOO- and ONOOH. The study on the dissolution and reaction of gaseous RONS in microdroplets and accurate measurements on the evolution of charged PBAs are envisaged to be the focus of future research. Opportunities for multidisciplinary collaborative research to advance the development of next-generation high-performance plasma-based air purifiers are highlighted.
dc.publisherIOP Publishing
dc.relation.ispartofjournalPlasma Sources Science and Technology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchNuclear and plasma physics
dc.subject.keywordsScience & Technology
dc.subject.keywordsPhysical Sciences
dc.subject.keywordsPhysics, Fluids & Plasmas
dc.titleAtmospheric-pressure non-equilibrium plasmas for effective abatement of pathogenic biological aerosols
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dcterms.bibliographicCitationGao, H; Wang, G; Chen, B; Zhang, Y; Liu, D; Lu, X; He, G; Ostrikov, KK, Atmospheric-pressure non-equilibrium plasmas for effective abatement of pathogenic biological aerosols, Plasma Sources Science and Technology, 2021, 30 (5), pp. 053001
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorOstrikov, Ken

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