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dc.contributor.authorDavid, MC
dc.contributor.authorEley, DS
dc.contributor.authorSchafer, J
dc.contributor.authorDavies, L
dc.date.accessioned2022-05-16T23:25:39Z
dc.date.available2022-05-16T23:25:39Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.issn1179-7258en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.2147/AMEP.S122841en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/405812
dc.description.abstractPurpose: The primary aim of this study was to assess the predictive validity of cumulative grade point average (GPA) for performance in the International Foundations of Medicine (IFOM) Clinical Science Examination (CSE). A secondary aim was to develop a strategy for identifying students at risk of performing poorly in the IFOM CSE as determined by the National Board of Medical Examiners’ International Standard of Competence. Methods: Final year medical students from an Australian university medical school took the IFOM CSE as a formative assessment. Measures included overall IFOM CSE score as the dependent variable, cumulative GPA as the predictor, and the factors age, gender, year of enroll-ment, international or domestic status of student, and language spoken at home as covariates. Multivariable linear regression was used to measure predictor and covariate effects. Optimal thresholds of risk assessment were based on receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Results: Cumulative GPA (nonstandardized regression coefficient [B]: 81.83; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 68.13 to 95.53) and international status (B: –37.40; 95% CI: –57.85 to –16.96) from 427 students were found to be statistically associated with increased IFOM CSE performance. Cumulative GPAs of 5.30 (area under ROC [AROC]: 0.77; 95% CI: 0.72 to 0.82) and 4.90 (AROC: 0.72; 95% CI: 0.66 to 0.78) were identified as being thresholds of significant risk for domestic and international students, respectively. Conclusion: Using cumulative GPA as a predictor of IFOM CSE performance and accommo-dating for differences in international status, it is possible to identify students who are at risk of failing to satisfy the National Board of Medical Examiners’ International Standard of Competence.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.languageenen_US
dc.publisherDove Medical Pressen_US
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom653en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpageto660en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalAdvances in Medical Education and Practiceen_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume7en_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchCurriculum and pedagogyen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode3901en_US
dc.titleRisk assessment of student performance in the International Foundations of Medicine Clinical Science Examination by the use of statistical modelingen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articlesen_US
dcterms.bibliographicCitationDavid, MC; Eley, DS; Schafer, J; Davies, L, Risk assessment of student performance in the International Foundations of Medicine Clinical Science Examination by the use of statistical modeling, Advances in Medical Education and Practice, 2016, 7, pp. 653-660en_US
dcterms.licensehttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/en_US
dc.date.updated2021-07-07T05:45:47Z
dc.description.versionVersion of Record (VoR)en_US
gro.rights.copyright© 2016 David et al. This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution – Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/). By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed.en_US
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gro.griffith.authorDavid, Michael


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