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dc.contributor.authorRice, Lauren J
dc.contributor.authorGray, Kylie M
dc.contributor.authorHowlin, Patricia
dc.contributor.authorTaffe, John
dc.contributor.authorTonge, Bruce J
dc.contributor.authorEinfeld, Stewart L
dc.date.accessioned2021-08-18T04:45:32Z
dc.date.available2021-08-18T04:45:32Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.issn2079-9721en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/diseases4010009en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/407055
dc.description.abstractIn the present study we examined the nature and developmental trajectory of self-injurious behaviour in Prader Willi syndrome (PWS) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The development of interventions is greatly aided by understanding gene to behaviour pathways, and this requires an accurate description of the behaviour phenotype, that is, which types and natural history of self-injurious behaviour are more common in PWS and ASD and which are shared with other forms of developmental disability. Self-injury displayed by individuals with PWS and individuals with ASD was compared with that reported in a group of individuals with intellectual disability due to mixed aetiology (ID group). Three self-injurious behaviours (head banging, skin-picking and hitting and/or biting self) were measured on five occasions over 18 years using the Developmental Behaviour Checklist (DBC) a well-validated caregiver report measure. Rates of skin picking were higher in individuals with PWS and hitting and/or biting self was higher in individuals with ASD compared to the ID group. Rates of head banging were similar across the three groups. Over time, skin-picking and head banging increased with age for individuals with ASD and hitting and/or biting self increased for the PWS group. In the PWS and mixed ID groups head banging decreased with age. These findings suggest that the typology and developmental trajectories of self-injurious behaviours differ between those with PWS and ASD.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherMDPI AGen_US
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom9en_US
dc.relation.ispartofissue1en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalDiseasesen_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume4en_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPsychologyen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchCognitive Sciencesen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1701en_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1702en_US
dc.subject.keywordsPrader Willi syndromeen_US
dc.subject.keywordsautism spectrum disorderen_US
dc.subject.keywordsdevelopmental trajectoryen_US
dc.subject.keywordsself injurious behaviouren_US
dc.subject.keywordsskin-pickingen_US
dc.titleThe Developmental Trajectory of Self-Injurious Behaviours in Individuals with Prader Willi Syndrome, Autism Spectrum Disorder and Intellectual Disabilityen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articlesen_US
dcterms.bibliographicCitationRice, LJ; Gray, KM; Howlin, P; Taffe, J; Tonge, BJ; Einfeld, SL, The Developmental Trajectory of Self-Injurious Behaviours in Individuals with Prader Willi Syndrome, Autism Spectrum Disorder and Intellectual Disability., Diseases, 2016, 4 (1), pp. 9en_US
dcterms.dateAccepted2016-02-01
dcterms.licensehttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en_US
dc.date.updated2021-08-17T23:23:25Z
dc.description.versionVersion of Record (VoR)en_US
gro.rights.copyright© 2016 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/ 4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.en_US
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorHowlin, Patricia


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