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dc.contributor.authorChen, Wanqing
dc.contributor.authorZheng, Rongshou
dc.contributor.authorBaade, Peter D
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Siwei
dc.contributor.authorZeng, Hongmei
dc.contributor.authorBray, Freddie
dc.contributor.authorJemal, Ahmedin
dc.contributor.authorYu, Xue Qin
dc.contributor.authorHe, Jie
dc.date.accessioned2021-09-06T04:48:47Z
dc.date.available2021-09-06T04:48:47Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.issn0007-9235
dc.identifier.doi10.3322/caac.21338
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/407654
dc.description.abstractWith increasing incidence and mortality, cancer is the leading cause of death in China and is a major public health problem. Because of China's massive population (1.37 billion), previous national incidence and mortality estimates have been limited to small samples of the population using data from the 1990s or based on a specific year. With high-quality data from an additional number of population-based registries now available through the National Central Cancer Registry of China, the authors analyzed data from 72 local, population-based cancer registries (2009-2011), representing 6.5% of the population, to estimate the number of new cases and cancer deaths for 2015. Data from 22 registries were used for trend analyses (2000-2011). The results indicated that an estimated 4292,000 new cancer cases and 2814,000 cancer deaths would occur in China in 2015, with lung cancer being the most common incident cancer and the leading cause of cancer death. Stomach, esophageal, and liver cancers were also commonly diagnosed and were identified as leading causes of cancer death. Residents of rural areas had significantly higher age-standardized (Segi population) incidence and mortality rates for all cancers combined than urban residents (213.6 per 100,000 vs 191.5 per 100,000 for incidence; 149.0 per 100,000 vs 109.5 per 100,000 for mortality, respectively). For all cancers combined, the incidence rates were stable during 2000 through 2011 for males (+0.2% per year; P =.1), whereas they increased significantly (+2.2% per year; P <.05) among females. In contrast, the mortality rates since 2006 have decreased significantly for both males (-1.4% per year; P <.05) and females (-1.1% per year; P <.05). Many of the estimated cancer cases and deaths can be prevented through reducing the prevalence of risk factors, while increasing the effectiveness of clinical care delivery, particularly for those living in rural areas and in disadvantaged populations.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherJohn Wiley & Sons
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom115
dc.relation.ispartofpageto132
dc.relation.ispartofissue2
dc.relation.ispartofjournalCA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians
dc.relation.ispartofvolume66
dc.subject.fieldofresearchClinical sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchHealth services and systems
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPublic health
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode3202
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode4203
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode4206
dc.subject.keywordsScience & Technology
dc.subject.keywordsLife Sciences & Biomedicine
dc.subject.keywordsOncology
dc.subject.keywordscancer
dc.subject.keywordsChina
dc.titleCancer statistics in China, 2015
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dcterms.bibliographicCitationChen, W; Zheng, R; Baade, PD; Zhang, S; Zeng, H; Bray, F; Jemal, A; Yu, XQ; He, J, Cancer statistics in China, 2015, CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, 2016, 66 (2), pp. 115-132
dc.date.updated2021-09-06T04:46:37Z
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorBaade, Peter D.


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