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dc.contributor.authorLove, Mark W
dc.date.accessioned2021-09-13T05:07:20Z
dc.date.available2021-09-13T05:07:20Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.issn1073-0451
dc.identifier.doi10.2458/jpe.2301
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/407897
dc.description.abstractThis article examines two marine conservation projects from the Republic of Vanuatu, and seeks to contribute to the regional political ecology literature. I question whether Marine Protected Areas (MPA) or tabu eria [lit. taboo area] are the most effective tool for regulating inshore fisheries in the Pacific Islands. Tabu eria – customary/neo-traditional spatial-temporal marine closures – are regularly presented as socio-historically embedded practices that are more likely to succeed as a resource management tool than MPAs, which are often deemed to be an "outside" intervention promoted by western conservationists. The case studies demonstrate that the adoption of MPA rather than tabu does not always question the moral competence of local forms of knowing and doing. On the contrary, the local adoption of an MPA can be a strategic, local appropriation, e.g. to justify territorial claims, resource capture, and/or enhance regulatory sanctions. Examples foreground the analytical limits of 'local' and 'foreign', or a failure to properly address (and locate) human agency. The uncritical valorization of tabu eria as local and authentic shows the same prejudice that its advocates purport to critique. An MPA and tabu equally prioritize and naturalize the essentialist idea of 'the village-as-community’, (re)presenting 'the village' as homogenous and undifferentiated. In short, the reality on-the-ground reiterates that socio-historical specifics matter, and human agency can be difficult to identify. Categories such as MPA, tabu and 'community' obscure more than they reveal and can unintentionally erode, rather than enhance, marine conservation objectives.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.publisherUniversity of Arizona
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom91
dc.relation.ispartofpageto110
dc.relation.ispartofissue1
dc.relation.ispartofjournalJournal of Political Ecology
dc.relation.ispartofvolume28
dc.subject.fieldofresearchMarine and estuarine ecology (incl. marine ichthyology)
dc.subject.fieldofresearchEnvironmental management
dc.subject.fieldofresearchSociology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchEnvironmental geography
dc.subject.fieldofresearchHuman society
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode310305
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode410404
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode4410
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode440604
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode44
dc.titleTabu, MPA and community: nomenclature and the political ecology of marine conservation in Vanuatu
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dcterms.bibliographicCitationLove, MW, Tabu, MPA and community: nomenclature and the political ecology of marine conservation in Vanuatu, Journal of Political Ecology, 28 (1), pp. 91-110
dcterms.licensehttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.date.updated2021-09-13T03:38:26Z
dc.description.versionVersion of Record (VoR)
gro.rights.copyright© The Author(s) 2021. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorLove, Mark W.


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