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dc.contributor.authorChauvenet, Alienor LM
dc.contributor.authorBaxter, Peter WJ
dc.contributor.authorMcDonald-Madden, Eve
dc.contributor.authorPossingham, Hugh P
dc.description.abstractMoney is often a limiting factor in conservation, and attempting to conserve endangered species can be costly. Consequently, a framework for optimizing fiscally constrained conservation decisions for a single species is needed. In this paper we find the optimal budget allocation among isolated subpopulations of a threatened species to minimize local extinction probability. We solve the problem using stochastic dynamic programming, derive a useful and simple alternative guideline for allocating funds, and test its performance using forward simulation. The model considers subpopulations that persist in habitat patches of differing quality, which in our model is reflected in different relationships between money invested and extinction risk. We discover that, in most cases, subpopulations that are less efficient to manage should receive more money than those that are more efficient to manage, due to higher investment needed to reduce extinction risk. Our simple investment guideline performs almost as well as the exact optimal strategy. We illustrate our approach with a case study of the management of the Sumatran tiger, Panthera tigris sumatrae, in Kerinci Seblat National Park (KSNP), Indonesia. We find that different budgets should be allocated to the separate tiger subpopulations in KSNP. The subpopulation that is not at risk of extinction does not require any management investment. Based on the combination of risks of extinction and habitat quality, the optimal allocation for these particular tiger subpopulations is an unusual case: subpopulations that occur in higher-quality habitat (more efficient to manage) should receive more funds than the remaining subpopulation that is in lower-quality habitat. Because the yearly budget allocated to the KSNP for tiger conservation is small, to guarantee the persistence of all the subpopulations that are currently under threat we need to prioritize those that are easier to save. When allocating resources among subpopulations of a threatened species, the combined effects of differences in habitat quality, cost of action, and current subpopulation probability of extinction need to be integrated. We provide a useful guideline for allocating resources among isolated subpopulations of any threatened species. © 2010 by the Ecological Society of America.
dc.relation.ispartofjournalEcological Applications
dc.subject.fieldofresearchEnvironmental management
dc.subject.fieldofresearchEnvironmental sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchBiological sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchAgricultural, veterinary and food sciences
dc.subject.keywordsScience & Technology
dc.subject.keywordsLife Sciences & Biomedicine
dc.subject.keywordsEnvironmental Sciences
dc.titleOptimal allocation of conservation effort among subpopulations of a threatened species: How important is patch quality?
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dcterms.bibliographicCitationChauvenet, ALM; Baxter, PWJ; McDonald-Madden, E; Possingham, HP, Optimal allocation of conservation effort among subpopulations of a threatened species: How important is patch quality?, Ecological Applications, 2010, 20 (3), pp. 789-797
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorChauvenet, Ali

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