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dc.contributor.authorChan, Derwin KC
dc.contributor.authorLee, Alfred SY
dc.contributor.authorTang, Tracy CW
dc.contributor.authorGucciardi, Daniel F
dc.contributor.authorYung, Patrick SH
dc.contributor.authorHagger, Martin S
dc.description.abstractDoping attitude is an individual's subjective evaluation (e.g., good or bad, useful or useless) toward the use of prohibited performance-enhancing substances or methods in sports. Research on doping attitude has traditionally relied on self-report questionnaire methods to measure the construct (Ntoumanis et al., 2014; Chan et al., 2015). However, as doping in sport is illegal (World Anti-Doping Agency, 2015) and perceived as socially unacceptable, athletes who hold positive attitudes toward doping are less likely to reveal them to others. As a result explicit measures of doping attitude are susceptible to potential bias as athletes may respond in a socially desirable fashion (Petróczi and Aidman, 2009; Gucciardi et al., 2010). To counter such bias, implicit measures such as the implicit association test (IAT; Greenwald et al., 1998) have been developed to capture individuals' non-conscious attitudes toward doping (Brand et al., 2014a,b; Schindler et al., 2015). The current paper aims to introduce a paper-and-pen IAT which could potentially serve as alternative method to the traditional computer-IAT for measuring athletes' doping attitude.
dc.publisherFrontiers Media
dc.relation.ispartofjournalFrontiers in Psychology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchCognitive and computational psychology
dc.subject.keywordsSocial Sciences
dc.subject.keywordsPsychology, Multidisciplinary
dc.subject.keywordsimplicit association test
dc.subject.keywordspaper-and-pen IAT
dc.titlePaper vs. pixel: Can we use a pen-and-paper method to measure athletes' implicit doping attitude?
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dcterms.bibliographicCitationChan, DKC; Lee, ASY; Tang, TCW; Gucciardi, DF; Yung, PSH; Hagger, MS, Paper vs. pixel: Can we use a pen-and-paper method to measure athletes' implicit doping attitude?, Frontiers in Psychology, 2017, 8, pp. 876
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gro.griffith.authorHagger, Martin S.

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