Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorLowe, Kelsey M
dc.contributor.authorShulmeister, James
dc.contributor.authorFeinberg, Joshua M
dc.contributor.authorManne, Tiina
dc.contributor.authorWallis, Lynley A
dc.contributor.authorWelsh, Kevin
dc.date.accessioned2021-10-27T02:01:19Z
dc.date.available2021-10-27T02:01:19Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.issn0883-6353
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/gea.21544
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/409498
dc.description.abstractIn regions that lack built structures or stratified open archaeological sites, such as precolonial Australia, rockshelters are a major source of detailed information for understanding the nature and timing of human occupation. A key concern is that the proposed ages for the earliest archaeological sites are based on luminescence dating of sediments, rather than directly of cultural materials, leaving the association between the sediments and evidence of human activity questionable. Here, we present evidence of magnetic enhancement associated with cultural horizons within the deposits of a Pleistocene rockshelter in interior northern Queensland. Soil magnetic studies combined with experimental burning show that magnetically enhanced sediments in Gledswood Shelter 1 are the result of anthropogenic burning of hearth fires, which burn hotter and for a longer time than natural wild fires. These techniques appear to work in this setting because of the nature of the local geology and the geological antiquity of the landscape. Susceptibility and frequency dependence of susceptibility signatures provide a critical tool to resolve that human occupation starts at 2.2 m depth within a stratigraphic section. In conjunction with luminescence dating, soil magnetic studies provide an opportunity for archaeologists to resolve the timing of human settlement in Australia and other intracratonic plate settings.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherJohn Wiley & Sons
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom211
dc.relation.ispartofpageto228
dc.relation.ispartofissue3
dc.relation.ispartofjournalGeoarchaeology
dc.relation.ispartofvolume31
dc.subject.fieldofresearchEarth sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchHistory, heritage and archaeology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode37
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode43
dc.subject.keywordsSocial Sciences
dc.subject.keywordsScience & Technology
dc.subject.keywordsPhysical Sciences
dc.subject.keywordsArchaeology
dc.subject.keywordsGeosciences, Multidisciplinary
dc.titleUsing soil magnetic properties to determine the onset of Pleistocene human settlement at Gledswood Shelter 1, Northern Australia
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dcterms.bibliographicCitationLowe, KM; Shulmeister, J; Feinberg, JM; Manne, T; Wallis, LA; Welsh, K, Using soil magnetic properties to determine the onset of Pleistocene human settlement at Gledswood Shelter 1, Northern Australia, Geoarchaeology, 2016, 31 (3), pp. 211-228
dc.date.updated2021-10-27T01:51:32Z
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorWallis, Lynley A.


Files in this item

FilesSizeFormatView

There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • Journal articles
    Contains articles published by Griffith authors in scholarly journals.

Show simple item record