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dc.contributor.authorChalmers, James
dc.contributor.authorEisenchlas, Susana A
dc.contributor.authorMunro, Andrew
dc.contributor.authorSchalley, Andrea C
dc.date.accessioned2021-11-19T05:01:30Z
dc.date.available2021-11-19T05:01:30Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.issn1749-818X
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/lnc3.12440
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/410261
dc.description.abstractSecond language (L2) aptitude has been broadly defined as the rate and ease of initially acquiring a second language. Historically, L2 aptitude has been understood as a stable trait that predetermined L2 achievement, regardless of individual learners’ efforts to acquire an L2. This traditional view of L2 aptitude as fixed and stable has led to it being a relatively neglected area of research within second language acquisition (SLA) studies. The little research that was in fact conducted was diagnostic in nature, and mostly used tests such as the Modern Language Aptitude Test (MLAT) to select potentially gifted L2 learners. Given that six decades have passed since the publication of the MLAT, now is a good time to revisit the literature and investigate whether L2 aptitude continues to be viewed as an individual difference of little interest to SLA research. While summative literature reviews of L2 aptitude research have been written, few systematic reviews exist. This article conducts a systematic quantitative literature review (SQLR) to provide a principled, comprehensive and reproducible synthesis of research into L2 aptitude published over the last 60 years (1959–2019). In this SQLR, close to one hundred journal articles and PhD dissertations were examined to discern generalisations and limitations in the field. This SQLR identifies a shift in the rationale for L2 aptitude testing, in which a diagnostic focus has been replaced by an explanatory perspective. Furthermore, our article points to a renewed interest in L2 aptitude research, which has come to be characterised by a more nuanced and sophisticated understanding of the concept and its components.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageen
dc.publisherWiley
dc.relation.ispartofissue11
dc.relation.ispartofjournalLanguage and Linguistics Compass
dc.relation.ispartofvolume15
dc.subject.fieldofresearchLinguistics
dc.subject.fieldofresearchCognition
dc.subject.fieldofresearchLanguage studies
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPsycholinguistics (incl. speech production and comprehension)
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode4704
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode520401
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode4703
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode520405
dc.subject.keywordsSecond language (L2)
dc.subject.keywordsModern Language Aptitude Test
dc.subject.keywordssystematic quantitative literature review (SQLR)
dc.titleSixty years of second language aptitude research: a systematic quantitative literature review
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dcterms.bibliographicCitationChalmers, J; Eisenchlas, SA; Munro, A; Schalley, AC, Sixty years of second language aptitude research: a systematic quantitative literature review, Language and Linguistics Compass, 2021, 15 (11)
dc.date.updated2021-11-18T03:36:58Z
dc.description.versionVersion of Record (VoR)
gro.rights.copyright© 2021 The Authors. Language and Linguistics Compass published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and repro-duction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorEisenchlas, Susana A.
gro.griffith.authorMunro, Andrew W.


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