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dc.contributor.authorEntezarmahdi, Rasool
dc.contributor.authorHoushiarrad, Anahita
dc.contributor.authorGheibi, Shabnam
dc.contributor.authorHamisi, Abdolmajid
dc.contributor.authorBabayi, Fariba
dc.contributor.authorAjami, Marjan
dc.contributor.authorEsmaeili, Mina
dc.contributor.authorRoudsari, Arezoo Haghighian
dc.contributor.authorKhakzad, Leila
dc.contributor.authorMojarrad, Hamed
dc.contributor.authorAbdollahi, Morteza
dc.date.accessioned2021-11-22T04:21:40Z
dc.date.available2021-11-22T04:21:40Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.issn2008-7802en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_695_20en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/410295
dc.description.abstractBackground: As a rising epidemic in developing countries, childhood obesity and overweight need particular attention. Methods: The sample (n = 2432) was randomly selected among children aged 24-59 months living in West Azerbaijan Province whose information was recorded in SIB software. The survey questionnaire is derived from the Demographic and Health Survey and the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey questionnaires designed by the WHO 2017 and UNICEF 2017, respectively. Results: The prevalence of obesity defined as BMIz (body mass index z-score)> +2 was 1.4% among children. Dietary diversity score (DDS) was high in 59.3% of children, moderate in 36.1%, and low in 4.6%. Socio-economic status (SES) of children families was high, moderate, and low in 34%, 28.9%, and 37.1% of families, respectively. Physical activity hours were over 3 in 85.9% of children. The girls were more likely to be obese than the boys (OR = 0.43, P = 0.016). Those with high and moderate DDS were less likely to be obese than those with low DDS (OR = 0.250 and OR = 0.180, respectively). The likelihood of obesity among children with high and moderate SES were 2.6 and 1.6 times more compared to children with low SES, respectively. Conclusions: According to the results, DDS and physical activity levels are related to obesity in children aged 24-59 months. Therefore, establishing proper nutritional behavior and promoting a healthy lifestyle are essential for preventing obesity and non-communicable diseases in this age group.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisher.urihttp://ijpm.mui.ac.ir/index.php/ijpm/article/view/2528en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom116en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalInternational Journal of Preventive Medicineen_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume12en_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchNutrition and dieteticsen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode3210en_US
dc.subject.keywordsChilden_US
dc.subject.keywordsdietary diversity scoreen_US
dc.subject.keywordseconomic and social statusen_US
dc.subject.keywordsexerciseen_US
dc.subject.keywordsobesityen_US
dc.titleDietary and Socio-Economic Predictors of Obesity Among 2-5-Year Old in Northwest Iran.en_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articlesen_US
dcterms.bibliographicCitationEntezarmahdi, R; Houshiarrad, A; Gheibi, S; Hamisi, A; Babayi, F; Ajami, M; Esmaeili, M; Roudsari, AH; Khakzad, L; Mojarrad, H; Abdollahi, M, Dietary and Socio-Economic Predictors of Obesity Among 2-5-Year Old in Northwest Iran, International Journal of Preventive Medicine, 2021, 12, pp. 116en_US
dcterms.dateAccepted2021-03-17
dcterms.licensehttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/en_US
dc.date.updated2021-11-18T23:01:15Z
dc.description.versionVersion of Record (VoR)en_US
gro.rights.copyright© 2021 International Journal of Preventive Medicine | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow. This is an open access journal, and articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution‑NonCommercial‑ShareAlike 4.0 License, which allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the work non‑commercially, as long as appropriate credit is given and the new creations are licensed under the identical terms.en_US
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorEsmaeili, Mostafa


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