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dc.contributor.authorSuryatman
dc.contributor.authorFakhri
dc.contributor.authorHakim, Budianto
dc.contributor.authorPerston, Yinika
dc.contributor.authorSardi, Ratno
dc.contributor.authorNewman, Kim
dc.contributor.authorHasanuddin
dc.contributor.authorMuhammad Nur
dc.contributor.authorMuda, Khadijah
dc.date.accessioned2021-11-23T03:00:32Z
dc.date.available2021-11-23T03:00:32Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.issn0858-1975
dc.identifier.doi10.26721/spafajournal.2021.v5.684
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/410313
dc.description.abstractSince the recent discovery of Late Pleistocene rock art in Island Southeast Asia was announced, evidence for symbolic behaviour in the region has become a focus of international archaeological interest. South Sulawesi is one region that hold much evidence for this important human activity. In addition to the cave paintings, several engraved stone artefacts have also been recovered in the same area, nearly all of which date back to the Late Pleistocene. However, while cave use by ‘hunter-gatherer’ societies continued into the Holocene period, archaeological evidence for symbolic expression during this Toalean period is extremely rare. Here, we report for the first time on engraved stone artefacts from the Middle Holocene period, associated with six human burials. Of ten incised artefacts recovered, eight are stone flakes and two are stone plaquettes, all made of hematite material. Our study suggests that unlike comparative Pleistocene engraved stones, the incisions on the Cappalombo artefacts are more likely the result of use-wear that occurs from producing red pigment powder than portable artworks. As no Toalean-age cave art has yet been identified, it is suspected that pigment powder was applied to the corpses as part of a burial practice or perhaps smeared on the body of the person/s performing the ceremony itself as part of a symbolic ritualistic activity.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.publisherSoutheast Asian Ministers of Education Organization Regional Centre for Archaeology and Fine Arts
dc.relation.ispartofjournalSPAFA Journal
dc.relation.ispartofvolume5
dc.subject.fieldofresearchArchaeology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchAnthropology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode4301
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode4401
dc.titleIncised stone artefact in the context of Middle Holocene burials at Cappalombo 1, South Sulawesi, Indonesia | Artefak batu bergores dalam konteks penguburan Holosen Tengah di Situs Cappalombo 1, Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesia
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dcterms.bibliographicCitationSuryatman, ; Fakhri, ; Hakim, B; Perston, Y; Sardi, R; Newman, K; Hasanuddin, ; Muhammad Nur, ; Muda, K, Incised stone artefact in the context of Middle Holocene burials at Cappalombo 1, South Sulawesi, Indonesia | Artefak batu bergores dalam konteks penguburan Holosen Tengah di Situs Cappalombo 1, Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesia, SPAFA Journal, 5
dcterms.licensehttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.date.updated2021-11-16T01:08:28Z
dc.description.versionVersion of Record (VoR)
gro.rights.copyright© 2021 SEAMEO SPAFA and authors This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons 4.0 Attribution Non Commercial-No Derivatives License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits copying, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorNewman, Kim J.
gro.griffith.authorPerston, Yinika


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