The occurrence of the herbicide dalapon (2,2-dichloropropionate) in potable water as a disinfection by-product
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Salts of 2,2-dichloropropionic acid, such as dalapon, are well known as herbicides and are regulated as such in potable water in Australia and elsewhere. It is also an identified disinfection by-product (DBP), but little is known about the compound's formation and typical levels from this source. This work presents results from a sampling campaign where 2,2-dichloropropionate was found at levels between 0.1 and 0.5 姠l-1 in potable water samples from a major treatment plant in South East Queensland, Australia. However, levels were below the reporting limit (0.01 姠l-1) in the immediate source water for the plant. Also, temporal trends in 2,2-dichloropropionate observed in treated water during sampling mirrored those of trihalomethanes albeit at much lower concentrations, suggesting that the occurrence is due to in situ formation as a DBP. This could present a regulatory dilemma in some jurisdictions.
Journal of Environmental Monitoring
Environmental Chemistry (incl. Atmospheric Chemistry)