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dc.contributor.authorDekker, Sidneyen_US
dc.contributor.authorCilliers, Paulen_US
dc.contributor.authorHofmeyr, Jan-Hendriken_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-03T11:19:30Z
dc.date.available2017-05-03T11:19:30Z
dc.date.issued2011en_US
dc.date.modified2012-02-10T01:23:09Z
dc.identifier.issn09257535en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.ssci.2011.01.008en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/42265
dc.description.abstractComplexity theory suggests that we see performance as an emergent property, the result of complex interactions and relationships. This can clash, however, with what stakeholders see as legitimate and normal in accident investigations. When systems fail, it is still common to blame components (e.g. human errors) and when they succeed spectacularly, to think in terms of individual heroism (e.g. the A320 Hudson River landing). In this paper, we lay out the contrast between a Newtonian analysis of failure that can be recognized in many efforts at safety analysis and improvement. It makes particular assumptions about the relationship between cause and effect, foreseeability of harm, time-reversibility and the ability to produce the "true story" of an accident. With inspiration from complexity theory, failures are seen as an emergent property of complexity. We explore what that means for safety science and work towards a post-Newtonian analysis of failure in complex systems.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.description.publicationstatusYesen_US
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherElsevier BVen_US
dc.publisher.placeNetherlandsen_US
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationNen_US
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom939en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpageto945en_US
dc.relation.ispartofissue6en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalSafety Scienceen_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume49en_US
dc.rights.retentionYen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchMechanical Engineering not elsewhere classifieden_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode091399en_US
dc.titleThe complexity of failure: Implications of complexity theory for safety investigationsen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Peer Reviewed (HERDC)en_US
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articlesen_US
gro.date.issued2011
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text


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