A randomized controlled trial of prospective memory rehabilitation in adults with traumatic brain injury
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Objective: To examine the efficacy of compensatory prospective memory training, preceded by self-awareness training for adults with traumatic brain injury. Design: Randomized controlled trial with 4 intervention groups: (i) self-awareness plus compensatory prospective memory training; (ii) self-awareness training plus active control; (iii) active control plus compensatory prospective memory training; and (iv) active control only. Subjects: Forty-five rehabilitation patients with moderate-severe traumatic brain injury living in the community. Methods: Four groups of participants completed an 8-session individual intervention programme with pre- and post-assessment by a blind assessor on a standardized test of prospective memory, actual strategy use, relatives' ratings of prospective memory failure, and level of psychosocial reintegration. Results: Larger changes in prospective memory test score and strategy use were found in groups with compensatory prospective memory training compared with those groups without. Conclusion: The results provide evidence that prospective memory can be improved in patients with traumatic brain injury using a compensatory approach in a relatively short duration and low intensity intervention.
Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
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Biological Psychology (Neuropsychology, Psychopharmacology, Physiological Psychology)