Formation of X-waves at fundamental and harmonics by infrared femtosecond pulse filamentation in air
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We experimentally observe the formation of X-waves at fundamental, third harmonic, and fifth harmonic wavelengths by infrared (central wavelength at ~ 1500 nm) femtosecond laser pulse filamentation in air. By fitting the angularly resolved spectra of the fundamental and harmonic waves using X-wave relations, we confirm that all the X-waves have nearly the same group velocity, indicating that they are locked in space and time during their propagation in filament.
Applied Physics Letters
Nonlinear Optics and Spectroscopy