Chemical composition and cytotoxicity of oils and eremophilanes derived from various parts of Eremophila mitchellii Benth. (Myoporaceae)
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A detailed investigation of the wood, leaf, branch and root oil of Eremophila mitchellii (Benth.) was carried out by a combination of GC-FID, GC-MS and NMR. The wood oil was composed predominantly of eremophilanes, a rare class of biologically active, bicyclic sesquiterpenoids. The root oil was also found to contain the eremophilanes together with the zizaene sesquiterpene, sesquithuriferone. 9-Hydroxy-1,7(11),9-eremophilatrien-8-one and the known 1(10),11-eremophiladien-9-one eremophilone), 9-hydroxy-7(11),9-eremophiladien-8-one (2-hydroxyeremophilone), 8-hydroxy-11-eremophilen-9-one (santalcamphor), 8-hydroxy-10,11-eremophiladien-9-one, sesquithuriferone and 8-hydroxy-1,11-eremophiladien-9-one were purified and elucidated by NMR. Three approaches to the purification of the major eremophilanes from the wood oil are described. (+) Spathulenol, a-pinene, globulol, viridiflorene were the major constituents of the leaf oil. All of the essential oils and the eremophilanes exhibited cytotoxicity against P388D1 mouse lymphoblast cells in-vitro.
© 2011 Elsevier. This is the author-manuscript version of this paper. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.
Biologically Active Molecules
Natural Products Chemistry