Spectral evolution of angularly resolved third-order harmonic generation by infrared femtosecond laser-pulse filamentation in air
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We experimentally investigate the evolution of an angularly resolved spectrum of third harmonic generated by infrared femtosecond laser pulse filamentation in air. We show that at low pump intensity, phase matching between the fundamental and third-harmonic waves dominates the nonlinear optical effect and induces a ring structure of the third-harmonic beam, whereas at high pump intensity, the dispersion properties of air begin to affect the angular spectrum, leading to the formation of a nonlinear X wave at third harmonic.
Physical Review A (Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics)
Nonlinear Optics and Spectroscopy