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dc.contributor.authorWhitcombe, Joshuaen_US
dc.contributor.authorAgranovski, Igoren_US
dc.contributor.authorBraddock, Rogeren_US
dc.contributor.editorWolfgang Peukerten_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-04-24T10:13:31Z
dc.date.available2017-04-24T10:13:31Z
dc.date.issued2005en_US
dc.date.modified2009-08-04T06:16:38Z
dc.identifier.issn09340866en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/ppsc.200400916en_AU
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/4287
dc.description.abstractFluidized Catalytic Cracker Units (FCCU) are used in the oil refining industry to convert long chained hydrocarbons into shorter ones. At normal operations there is little concern regarding catalyst particle emission into the atmosphere from these devices. However, when the unit is started, higher than normal emission rates are common. FCCU stack emissions were tested and categorized in terms of metal composition and were compared with the operational conditions experienced under start up conditions. It was found that excessive emissions can be explained due to fluctuations in cyclone performance, the production of fine particles via attrition processes and the thermal fracture of particles. In addition to particle emissions, levels of emitted metals also fluctuate during the start up period, with the highest levels being experienced at the moment oil is re-fed into the unit. The current paper summarises stack testing results as well as the operational conditions in order to identify the key causes of start up emissions and provide recommendations to reduce and manage particle emissions from refineries.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.description.publicationstatusYesen_AU
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherWILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBHen_US
dc.publisher.placeGERMANYen_US
dc.publisher.urihttp://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/5008440/homeen_AU
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationNen_AU
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom463en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpageto472en_US
dc.relation.ispartofissue6en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalPARTICLE & PARTICLE SYSTEMS CHARACTERIZATIONen_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume21en_US
dc.rights.retentionYen_AU
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode291104en_US
dc.titleCategorisation of particulate emissions from a fluidised catalytic cracking uniten_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Peer Reviewed (HERDC)en_US
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articlesen_US
gro.rights.copyrightCopyright 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Self-archiving of the author-manuscript version is not yet supported by this publisher. Please refer to the journal link for access to the definitive, published version or contact the author for more information.en_AU
gro.date.issued2005
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text


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