Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorB. Kelly, Adrianen_US
dc.contributor.authorO⿿Flaherty, Martinen_US
dc.contributor.authorConnor, Jason P.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHomel, Rossen_US
dc.contributor.authorW. Toumbourou, Johnen_US
dc.contributor.authorC. Patton, Georgeen_US
dc.contributor.authorWilliams, Joanneen_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-03T14:56:19Z
dc.date.available2017-05-03T14:56:19Z
dc.date.issued2011en_US
dc.date.modified2014-10-09T03:40:40Z
dc.identifier.issn09595236en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/j.1465-3362.2010.00231.xen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/43705
dc.description.abstractIntroduction and Aims.Despite considerable success in tobacco control, many teenagers in Australia and other industrialised countries still smoke tobacco. There is mixed evidence on the relative influence of proximal social networks (parents/siblings/peers) on pre- and early-teen smoking, and no research has examined how these influences compare after accounting for school- and community-level effects.The aim of this study was to compare the relative influences of parents, siblings and peers, after accounting for school- and community-level variation in smoking. Design and Methods.A cross-sectional fixed and random effects model of smoking prevalence was used, with individuals (n = 7314) nested within schools (n = 231) nested within communities (n = 30). Grade 6 and 8 students (modal ages 11 and 13 years) completed an on-line survey. Key variables included parent/sibling/peer use. Controls included alcohol involvement, sensation seeking, pro-social beliefs, laws/norms about substance use and school commitment. Results.There was significant variation in smoking at both the school and community levels, supporting the need for a multilevel model. Individual-level predictors accounted for much of the variance at higher levels. The strongest effects were for number of friends who smoke, sibling smoking and alcohol involvement. Smaller significant effects were found for parent smoking. At the community level, socioeconomic disadvantage was significant, but community-level variance in pro-social and drug-related laws/norms was not related to smoking. Discussion and Conclusions.Cross-level interactions were generally non-significant. Early teenage smoking was best explained by sibling and peer smoking, and individual risks largely accounted for the substantial variation observed across schools and communities. In terms of future tobacco control, findings point to the utility of targeting families in disadvantaged communities.[Kelly AB, O'Flaherty M, Connor JP, Homel R, Toumbourou JW, Patton GC, Williams J. The influence of parents, siblings and peers on pre- and early-teen smoking: A multilevel model.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.description.publicationstatusYesen_US
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.en_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_US
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationNen_US
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom381en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpageto387en_US
dc.relation.ispartofissue4en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalDrug and Alcohol Reviewen_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume30en_US
dc.rights.retentionYen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchStudies in Human Society not elsewhere classifieden_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode169999en_US
dc.titleThe influence of parents, siblings and peers on pre- and early-teen smoking: A multilevel modelen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Peer Reviewed (HERDC)en_US
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articlesen_US
gro.date.issued2011
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text


Files in this item

FilesSizeFormatView

There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • Journal articles
    Contains articles published by Griffith authors in scholarly journals.

Show simple item record