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dc.contributor.authorCaddick, Andreaen_US
dc.contributor.authorPorter, Louiseen_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-04-04T21:50:28Z
dc.date.available2017-04-04T21:50:28Z
dc.date.issued2012en_US
dc.date.modified2014-08-28T05:07:04Z
dc.identifier.issn1748-8958en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1177/1748895811423091en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/43958
dc.description.abstractThe present study examines co-offending groups that commit violent firearms offences within the UK, in order to develop an understanding of these groups in terms of their level of professionalism. A sample of 69 cases was selected from two British law databases, consisting of offences that involved the utilization of a firearm in a violent crime committed by more than one offender. Cases were content analysed for offending behaviour. The presence of a three-way thematic model of criminal professionalism, previously identified in robbery, was tested using multi-dimensional scaling. Three themes of offences were identified as Targeted, Gratuitous and Reactive, which differed in the level of professionalism displayed. Gratuitous was the most common theme for the sample, demonstrating some evidence of planning but also gratuitous violence towards victims. In conclusion, while violent gun crime is typically a phenomenon involving young males, not all groups display the same behaviour or levels of professionalism, as is evident in the existence of all three themes. These differences are important for understanding the psychology of the offences and designing operational responses.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.description.publicationstatusYesen_US
dc.format.extent167268 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherSage Publicationssen_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_US
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationNen_US
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom61en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpageto82en_US
dc.relation.ispartofissue1en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalCriminology & Criminal Justiceen_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume12en_US
dc.rights.retentionYen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchCriminology not elsewhere classifieden_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchForensic Psychologyen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode160299en_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode170104en_US
dc.titleExploring a model of professionalism in multiple perpetrator violent gun crime in the UKen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Peer Reviewed (HERDC)en_US
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articlesen_US
gro.rights.copyrightCopyright 2011 The Author(s). This is the author-manuscript version of the paper. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.en_US
gro.date.issued2012
gro.hasfulltextFull Text


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