Pharmacovigilance Among Surgeons and in Surgical Wards: Overlooked or Axiomatic?
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To review the status of pharmacovigilance system among surgeons and in surgical wards with recommendations. Literature search using MEDLINE, cross-reference of published data and review of World Health Organization-Pharmacovigilance transcripts. Pharmacovigilance system is still in its infancy among surgeons and in surgical wards. No major studies have been published addressing this issue, till date. Surgeons are professionals least likely to report adverse drug reactions. Moreover widespread and irrational antibiotic use is contributing towards high incidence of adverse events apart from multidrug resistance. Lack of interest, funding and knowledge pose challenges in effective post marketing drug surveillance in surgery. A three tier proactive pharmacovigilance system in surgical wards is suggested along with specific recommendations. The pros and cons of adverse drug reporting among the surgeons are discussed.With growing awareness of pharmacovigilance in various fields of medicine, surgery can no longer remain an exception. In the transition from medical school to surgery clinic a subtle shift must occur from emphasizing pharmacokinetics to appreciating pharmacodynamics. This change in philosophy will occur at the level of instruction when the surgeons of tomorrow are motivated through regulatory and institutional means at school level to adopt pharmacovigilance in their clinical practices along with the practicing surgeons.
Indian Journal of Surgery
Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified