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dc.contributor.authorBecken, S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSimmons, D.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-04-04T20:34:58Z
dc.date.available2017-04-04T20:34:58Z
dc.date.issued2008en_US
dc.date.modified2012-04-10T22:37:35Z
dc.identifier.issn09218009en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.ecolecon.2007.12.025en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/44355
dc.description.abstractSustainability assessments have become important tools for decision makers. This research assesses the sustainability of different types of tourists in New Zealand by using the concept of yield and by developing yield indicators in the areas of financial, public sector and sustainable yield. The concept and indicators have been developed in cooperation with the New Zealand tourism sector and therefore provide a sector-driven approach to implement a sustainability assessment. The analysis shows that there are numerous 'trade-offs' between indicators when attempting to define the 'ideal visitor type'. Coach tourists, for example, are the largest spenders and generate the greatest Value Added in tourism on a per-day basis, but they contribute less to the financial sustainability of tourism when the costs of capital are accounted for. Coach tourists are highly concentrated in a few key destinations and at the same time produce substantial amounts of CO2 emissions due to their air travel component. In contrast, backpacker and camping tourists provide greater financial yield and are more dispersed, but they are also the greatest user of publicly provided tourist attractions and therefore come at a higher cost to government than other tourist types. Camping tourists are also contributing considerably to CO2 emissions. The yield analysis proposed in this paper could be a valuable tool for complex policy decision making and identifying strategies that lead to high-yield tourism.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.description.publicationstatusYesen_US
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.publisherElsevier BVen_US
dc.publisher.placeNetherlandsen_US
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationNen_US
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom420en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpageto429en_US
dc.relation.ispartofissue3en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalEcological Economicsen_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume67en_US
dc.rights.retentionYen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchCommercial Services not elsewhere classifieden_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode150499en_US
dc.titleUsing the concept of yield to assess the sustainability of different tourist typesen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Peer Reviewed (HERDC)en_US
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articlesen_US
gro.date.issued2008
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text


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