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dc.contributor.authorSun, Jingen_US
dc.contributor.authorPrenzler, Timothyen_US
dc.contributor.authorBuys, Nicholasen_US
dc.contributor.authorMcMeniman, Marilynen_US
dc.contributor.editorKatherine Weareen_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-04-24T12:49:12Z
dc.date.available2017-04-24T12:49:12Z
dc.date.issued2012en_US
dc.date.modified2012-07-16T23:05:49Z
dc.identifier.issn0965-4283en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1108/09654281211190254en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/45879
dc.description.abstractPurpose - The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions using situational crime prevention approaches to reduce the smoking rate in outdoor areas of a university campus. Design/methodology/approach - A prospective intervention design was designed for the study. Surveys and observations were used to measure the impacts of both the campaign generally and specific strategies on levels of smoking in public places and use of designated smoking areas. Pre- and post-implementation measures were taken. The intervention strategies entailed encouraging voluntary compliance with a "Smoke-less Campaign", which asked staff, students and visitors to smoke only in nominated areas. The campaign was supported by "situational" strategies to facilitate compliance, such as making smoking areas available, setting rules and posting instructions, and using campaign ambassadors. Findings - At the end of the three-month trial the campaign was considered to have had a positive impact. After the campaign at the intervention campus there was a significant increase of 14.4 percent in the proportion of people who reported that they were not affected by second-hand smoke - from 52.7 percent to 67.1 percent. In addition, 6 percent of survey respondents who smoked reported quitting, while 17 percent of smokers indicated the campaign had helped them to quit or cut down. Observational data showed that 98 percent of smokers complied with directions to smoke in nominated smoking areas. Originality/value - This study is original in explicitly applying the techniques of situational crime prevention to the problem of smoking in public places. The results provide evidence for the effectiveness of the situational techniques, including "facilitating compliance", through the availability of smoking areas, "setting rules" and "posting instructions", and "extending guardianship", through the use of campaign ambassadors.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.description.publicationstatusYesen_US
dc.format.extent117564 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherEmerald Group Publishingen_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_US
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationNen_US
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom47en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpageto60en_US
dc.relation.ispartofissue1en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalHealth Educationen_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume112en_US
dc.rights.retentionYen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchHealth and Community Servicesen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode111708en_US
dc.titlePreventing Smoking in Open Public Places in University Campus Settings: A Situational Crime Prevention Approachen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Peer Reviewed (HERDC)en_US
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articlesen_US
gro.facultyGriffith Health, School of Medicineen_US
gro.rights.copyrightCopyright 2011 Emerald. This is the author-manuscript version of this paper. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.en_US
gro.date.issued2012
gro.hasfulltextFull Text


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