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dc.contributor.authorCole, Grahamen_US
dc.contributor.authorO'Halloran, Kevlinen_US
dc.contributor.authorStewart, Rodneyen_US
dc.contributor.editorHelmut Kroissen_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-03T12:25:02Z
dc.date.available2017-05-03T12:25:02Z
dc.date.issued2012en_US
dc.date.modified2013-01-15T00:17:26Z
dc.identifier.issn16069749en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.2166/ws.2011.123en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/46750
dc.description.abstractWater utilities undertake long term planning for water source security, often with forecast cycles of 20 to 30 years. Whilst this planning is generally involved with investigations of source water abstraction security and the need to build dams or to increase the recharge rate of groundwater aquifers, planning for water efficiency gains occurs at annual intervals. Most water utilities in Australia are heavily engaged in water efficiency initiatives with rebate schemes for domestic water-efficient devices ubiquitous across the industry. Wide Bay Water Corporation (WBWC) also engages in these activities but is increasingly interested in the concept of Time of Use Tariffs (TOUTs) to target high water users in order to reduce their demand on the system. In 2006, WBWC introduced smart metering technology across the city which captures hourly use data. Interrogation of this data has led to the ability to identify water use patterns for every domestic and commercial water customer and to design specific interventions to encourage water efficiency, such as a TOUT for domestic customers. A TOUT has been developed that imposes a penalty on all individual consumption greater than 600 litres in any hourly interval of any day in the year. The tariff was designed to reduce both the annual maximum peak hour demand. The ability to reduce both of these infrastructure design parameters may have the potential to deliver substantial savings in infrastructure planning and deployment. This paper details the design process of this tariff, examines the infrastructure savings potential derived by network modelling and explores the regulatory framework hurdles to be overcome in order to implement such tariffs in the water industry.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.description.publicationstatusYesen_US
dc.format.extent93486 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherIWA Publishingen_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_US
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationNen_US
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom90en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpageto100en_US
dc.relation.ispartofissue1en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalWater Science & Technology: Water Supplyen_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume12en_US
dc.rights.retentionYen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchEnvironment and Resource Economicsen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchEnvironmental Managementen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchWater Resources Engineeringen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode140205en_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode050205en_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode090509en_US
dc.titleTime of use tariffs: implications for water efficiencyen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Peer Reviewed (HERDC)en_US
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articlesen_US
gro.facultyGriffith Sciences, Griffith School of Engineeringen_US
gro.rights.copyrightCopyright IWA Publishing 2012. The definitive peer-reviewed and edited version of this article is published in Water Science and Technology: Water Supply Vol. 12(1), pp. 90-100, 2012, http://dx.doi.org/10.2166/ws.2011.123 and is available at www.iwapublishing.comen_US
gro.date.issued2012
gro.hasfulltextFull Text


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