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dc.contributor.authorPalada, Carlosen_US
dc.contributor.authorSchouten, Peteren_US
dc.contributor.authorLemckert, Charlesen_US
dc.description.abstractMonolayers are highly desirable for their evaporation reducing capabilities due to their relatively minimal cost and ease of application. Despite these positive attributes, monolayers have consistently failed to perform effectively due to the harsh wind and wave conditions prevalent across real-world water reserves. An exhaustive and consistent study testing the influence of wind and wave combinations on monolayer performance has yet to be presented in the literature. To remedy this, the effect of simultaneous wind and wave conditions on a benchmark high-performance monolayer (octadecanol suspension, CH3(CH2)16CH2OH) has been analysed. Subjected only to waves, the monolayer remained intact due to its innate ability to compress and expand. However, the constant simultaneous application of wind and waves caused the monolayer to break up and gather downwind where it volatilised over time. At wind speeds above 1.3 m s 1 the monolayer was completely ineffective. For wind speeds below this threshold, the monolayer had an influence on the evaporation rate dependent on wind speed. From these results a series of application protocols can now be developed for the optimised deployment of monolayers in real-world water reserves. This will be of interest to private, commercial and government organisations involved in the storage and management of water resources.en_US
dc.publisherIWA Publishingen_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalWater Science and Technologyen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchWater Resources Engineeringen_US
dc.titleTesting the effectiveness of monolayers under wind and wave conditionsen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Peer Reviewed (HERDC)en_US
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articlesen_US
gro.facultyGriffith Sciences, Griffith School of Engineeringen_US
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text

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