Comparing the practices of USA Rugby against a global model for integrated development of mass and high performance sport
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This study examines the current state of Rugby in the USA against an ideal-type model for developing high performance sport integrated with mass participation. A Rugby-specific questionnaire was developed for the following elements of the model: talent search and development; advanced athlete support; training centers; competition systems; intellectual services; partnerships with supporting agencies; and, balanced and integrated funding and structures of mass and elite sport. The questions were validated by 12 international experts and answered online by 127 USA Rugby coaches and administrators. Semi-structured telephone interviews with five Territorial Rugby Union Presidents or Vice-Presidents as well as USA Rugby's CEO were also conducted. Specific management actions proposed to improve USA Rugby were: certain types of organizational integration; development of coaching and training centers particularly for youth; communication with and education of current and potential members; and, partnerships with the mass media, corporations, and systems of education and government.
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